Mutagenic and genotoxic activity of particulate matter MP2,5, in Pamplona, North Santander, Colombia

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Martínez Montañez, Mónica Liseth ; Meléndez Gélvez, Iván ; Quijano Parra, Alfonso (2012)
  • Publisher: Universidad de Antioquia
  • Journal: Iatreia (issn: 0121-0793, eissn: 2011-7965)
  • Subject: R5-920 | Medicine | Particulate Matter | Mutagenicity Tests | R | Comet Assay | Medicine (General) | Contaminación del Aire | Air Pollution | Salmonella typhimurium | Ensayo Cometa | Material Particulado | Tests de Mutagenicidad | Colombia
    mesheuropmc: food and beverages | fungi

Objective: To study the mutagenic and genotoxic activities of particulate material (MP2,5 collected in Pamplona, Norte de Santander, Colombia.Materials and methods: MP2,5 was monitored by means of a Partisol 2025 sequential air sampler with Plus Palmflex quartz filters. The latter were subjected to two extraction procedures: Soxhlet extraction using dichloromethane-acetone; and ultrasonic extraction using dichloromethane, acetone and dichloromethane/ acetone mix. The mutagenic and genotoxic activities were determined for each extract.Results: This is the first study conducted in Colombia that reports the mutagenic and genotoxic activities associated with particulate matter (MP2,5) taken from vehicular emissions in Pamplona, Norte de Santander. The mutagenic assay determined by the Ames test using Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100 showed a high direct mutagenic activity in the analyzed extracts. On the other hand, the genotoxic activity, determined by means of the comet assay, was high too.Conclusion: Particulate material (MP2,5) present in air samples in Pamplona (northeastern Colombia) is a risk factor for the exposed population because it can directly induce mutations and also cause genotoxic damage.
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