publication . Article . Other literature type . 2018

A Comparative Analysis of the Environmental Benefits of Drone-Based Delivery Services in Urban and Rural Areas

Jiyoon Park; Solhee Kim; Kyo Suh;
Open Access English
  • Published: 20 Mar 2018 Journal: Sustainability, volume 10, issue 3 (issn: 2071-1050, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: MDPI AG
Abstract
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV, drones) used as delivery vehicles have received increasing attention due to their mobility and accessibility to remote areas. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the environmental impacts of drone versus motorcycle delivery and to compare the expected environmental improvements due to drone delivery in urban and rural areas. In addition, the potential environmental contributions of electric motorcycles were assessed to determine the effects of introducing this new type of vehicle. Changes in the national electricity generation plan were also examined. The results showed that global warming potential (GWP) per 1 km delivery by ...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: UAV, life cycle assessment, delivery, logistics, environmental impact, Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Geography, Planning and Development, Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law, lcsh:Environmental effects of industries and plants, lcsh:TD194-195, lcsh:Renewable energy sources, lcsh:TJ807-830, lcsh:Environmental sciences, lcsh:GE1-350, Environmental planning, Drone, Environmentally friendly, Wind power, business.industry, business, Environmental impact assessment, Environmental science, Urban area, geography.geographical_feature_category, geography, Electricity generation, Rural area, Life-cycle assessment
Related Organizations
Communities
Rural Digital Europe
42 references, page 1 of 3

1. Evans, M. Future war in cities: Urbanization's challenge to strategic studies in the 21st century. Int. Rev. Red Cross 2016, 98, 37-51. [CrossRef]

2. Zhou, K.; Liu, T.; Zhou, L. Industry 4.0: Towards future industrial opportunities and challenges. In Proceedings of the 2015 12th International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery (FSKD), Zhangjiajie, China, 15-17 August 2015; pp. 2147-2152.

3. Smith, K.W. Drone technology: Benefits, risks, and legal considerations. Seattle J. Environ. L. 2015, 5, 290-302.

4. Xu, J.-F. An Innovative Technology of Distributed Control System Integration for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Acta Simul. Syst. Sin. 2003, 3. Available online: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTALXTFZ200303037.htm (accessed on 19 March 2018).

5. Commercial, U.A.V. Commercial Drone Market Analysis By Product (Fixed Wing, Rotary Blade, Nano, Hybrid), by Application (Agriculture, Energy, Government, Media & Entertainment) and Segment Forecasts to 2022; Grand View Research: San Francisco, CA, USA, 2016.

6. Murray, C.C.; Chu, A.G. The flying sidekick traveling salesman problem: Optimization of drone-assisted parcel delivery. Trans. Res. Emerg. Technol. 2015, 54, 86-109. [CrossRef]

7. Nex, F.; Remondino, F. Uav for 3D mapping applications: A review. Appl. Geomat. 2014, 6, 1-15. [CrossRef]

8. Lee, S.H.; Lee, S.; Song, H.; Lee, H.S. Wireless sensor network design for tactical military applications: Remote large-scale environments. In Proceedings of the MILCOM 2009 Military Communications Conference, Boston, MA, USA, 18-21 October 2009; pp. 1-7.

9. Springer, P.J. Military Robots and Drones: A Reference Handbook; ABC-CLIO: Santa Barbara, CA, USA, 2013.

10. Haidari, L.A.; Brown, S.T.; Ferguson, M.; Bancroft, E.; Spiker, M.; Wilcox, A.; Ambikapathi, R.; Sampath, V.; Connor, D.L.; Lee, B.Y. The economic and operational value of using drones to transport vaccines. Vaccine 2016, 34, 4062-4067. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

11. Boccardo, P.; Chiabrando, F.; Dutto, F.; Tonolo, F.G.; Lingua, A. UAV deployment exercise for mapping purposes: Evaluation of emergency response applications. Sensors 2015, 15, 15717-15737. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [OpenAIRE]

12. Bravo, R.; Leiras, A. Literature review of the application of UAVs in humanitarian relief. In Proceedings of the XXXV Encontro Nacional de Engenharia de Producao, Fortaleza, Brazil, 13-16 October 2015; pp. 13-16.

13. Heutger, M. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle in Logistics. In A DHL Perspective on Implications and Use Cased for the Logistics Industry; DronesX Media LLC: Burbank, CA, USA, 2014.

14. Wilkinson, P.; Cole, D. The role of radio science in disaster management. URSI Radio Sci. Bull. 2010, 83, 45-51.

15. Welch, A. A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Amazon Prime Air. Bachelor's Thesis, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN, USA, 2015.

42 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV, drones) used as delivery vehicles have received increasing attention due to their mobility and accessibility to remote areas. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the environmental impacts of drone versus motorcycle delivery and to compare the expected environmental improvements due to drone delivery in urban and rural areas. In addition, the potential environmental contributions of electric motorcycles were assessed to determine the effects of introducing this new type of vehicle. Changes in the national electricity generation plan were also examined. The results showed that global warming potential (GWP) per 1 km delivery by ...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: UAV, life cycle assessment, delivery, logistics, environmental impact, Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Geography, Planning and Development, Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law, lcsh:Environmental effects of industries and plants, lcsh:TD194-195, lcsh:Renewable energy sources, lcsh:TJ807-830, lcsh:Environmental sciences, lcsh:GE1-350, Environmental planning, Drone, Environmentally friendly, Wind power, business.industry, business, Environmental impact assessment, Environmental science, Urban area, geography.geographical_feature_category, geography, Electricity generation, Rural area, Life-cycle assessment
Related Organizations
Communities
Rural Digital Europe
42 references, page 1 of 3

1. Evans, M. Future war in cities: Urbanization's challenge to strategic studies in the 21st century. Int. Rev. Red Cross 2016, 98, 37-51. [CrossRef]

2. Zhou, K.; Liu, T.; Zhou, L. Industry 4.0: Towards future industrial opportunities and challenges. In Proceedings of the 2015 12th International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery (FSKD), Zhangjiajie, China, 15-17 August 2015; pp. 2147-2152.

3. Smith, K.W. Drone technology: Benefits, risks, and legal considerations. Seattle J. Environ. L. 2015, 5, 290-302.

4. Xu, J.-F. An Innovative Technology of Distributed Control System Integration for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Acta Simul. Syst. Sin. 2003, 3. Available online: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTALXTFZ200303037.htm (accessed on 19 March 2018).

5. Commercial, U.A.V. Commercial Drone Market Analysis By Product (Fixed Wing, Rotary Blade, Nano, Hybrid), by Application (Agriculture, Energy, Government, Media & Entertainment) and Segment Forecasts to 2022; Grand View Research: San Francisco, CA, USA, 2016.

6. Murray, C.C.; Chu, A.G. The flying sidekick traveling salesman problem: Optimization of drone-assisted parcel delivery. Trans. Res. Emerg. Technol. 2015, 54, 86-109. [CrossRef]

7. Nex, F.; Remondino, F. Uav for 3D mapping applications: A review. Appl. Geomat. 2014, 6, 1-15. [CrossRef]

8. Lee, S.H.; Lee, S.; Song, H.; Lee, H.S. Wireless sensor network design for tactical military applications: Remote large-scale environments. In Proceedings of the MILCOM 2009 Military Communications Conference, Boston, MA, USA, 18-21 October 2009; pp. 1-7.

9. Springer, P.J. Military Robots and Drones: A Reference Handbook; ABC-CLIO: Santa Barbara, CA, USA, 2013.

10. Haidari, L.A.; Brown, S.T.; Ferguson, M.; Bancroft, E.; Spiker, M.; Wilcox, A.; Ambikapathi, R.; Sampath, V.; Connor, D.L.; Lee, B.Y. The economic and operational value of using drones to transport vaccines. Vaccine 2016, 34, 4062-4067. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

11. Boccardo, P.; Chiabrando, F.; Dutto, F.; Tonolo, F.G.; Lingua, A. UAV deployment exercise for mapping purposes: Evaluation of emergency response applications. Sensors 2015, 15, 15717-15737. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [OpenAIRE]

12. Bravo, R.; Leiras, A. Literature review of the application of UAVs in humanitarian relief. In Proceedings of the XXXV Encontro Nacional de Engenharia de Producao, Fortaleza, Brazil, 13-16 October 2015; pp. 13-16.

13. Heutger, M. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle in Logistics. In A DHL Perspective on Implications and Use Cased for the Logistics Industry; DronesX Media LLC: Burbank, CA, USA, 2014.

14. Wilkinson, P.; Cole, D. The role of radio science in disaster management. URSI Radio Sci. Bull. 2010, 83, 45-51.

15. Welch, A. A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Amazon Prime Air. Bachelor's Thesis, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN, USA, 2015.

42 references, page 1 of 3
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue