Adolescent Girls' Self-Concept and Its Related Factors Based on Roy Adaptation Model

Article English OPEN
M. Basiri Moghadam ; SH. Khosravan ; L. Sadeghmoghadam ; N. Ebrahimi Senoo (2017)
  • Publisher: Gonabad University of Medical Sciences (GMU)
  • Journal: Ufuq-i Dānish (issn: 1735-1855, eissn: 2252-0805)
  • Subject: Self Concept | Adolescent | Medicine | R | Medicine (General) | R5-920

Aims: One of the most important factors of individual health in the adolescents is the self-concept. As a nursing model, the Roy adaptation model mainly investigates the factor. The aim of the study was to investigate the self-concept and its related factors in the adolescent girls in Gonabad Township, based on the Roy adaptation model. Instrument & Methods: In the descriptive cross-sectional study, 270 adolescent girls were studied in Gonabad Township, Iran, in 2015. The subjects were selected from three health-care centers via stratified cluster random sampling method. Data was collected using a demographic questionnaire and a researcher-made inventory assessing the self-concept in the adolescent girls based on the Roy adaptation model. Data was analyzed by SPSS 22 software using descriptive statistics and Spearman’s correlational and Chi-square tests. Findings: The mean self-concept score of the adolescent girls was 281.10±19.06. 125 girls (46.6%) and 143 girls (53.4%) were good and moderate, respectively. Age and the constant self-concept (p=0.03; r=-0.13), the economic status and the moral-spiritual self-concept (p=0.02; r=0.15), as well as the constant self-concept (p=0.02; r=0.11), father’s educational level and the constant self-concept (p=0.04; r=0.12), and father’s occupation and the mental self-concept (p=0.04; r=0.13) were significantly correlated. Conclusion: The self-concept is moderate in more than a half of the adolescent girls in Gonabad Township. In addition, most of them have weak or moderate objective self.
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