Vegetated treatment area (VTAs) efficiencies for E. coli and nutrient removal on small-scale swine operations

Article English OPEN
R. Daren Harmel ; Rehanon Pampell ; Terry Gentry ; Doug R. Smith ; Chad Hajda ; Kevin Wagner ; Patti K. Smith ; Rick L. Haney ; Kori D. Higgs (2018)
  • Publisher: KeAi
  • Journal: International Soil and Water Conservation Research (issn: 2095-6339)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.iswcr.2018.02.002
  • Subject: Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) | TA1-2040

As small-scale animal feeding operations work to manage their byproducts and avoid regulation, they need practical, cost-effective methods to reduce environmental impact. One such option is using vegetative treatment areas (VTAs) with perennial grasses to treat runoff; ... View more
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