publication . Article . 2017

Implementing the Prepaid Smart Meter System for Irrigated Groundwater Production in Northern China: Status and Problems

Xiaowei Wang; Jingli Shao; Frank van Steenbergen; Qiulan Zhang;
Open Access English
  • Published: 28 May 2017 Journal: Water (issn: 2073-4441, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: MDPI AG
To reduce the gap between groundwater demand and supply caused by agricultural groundwater over-exploitation, the Prepaid Smart Meter System (PSMS) is being strongly implemented by the Chinese government in northern China. This study reports the analysis and results of PSMS field surveys in six typical provinces in northern China as well as domestic literature reviews. Based on the architecture and implementation policies of the system, the implementation differences between areas and the influencing factors were analyzed, particularly the acknowledgment of farmers, the installation proportion of tube wells, the social benefits. Great achievements have been gain...
free text keywords: groundwater abstraction, northern China, Prepaid Smart Meter System, Hydraulic engineering, TC1-978, Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes, TD201-500, Environmental engineering, Groundwater, China, Supply and demand, Smart meter, Government, Countermeasure, Agriculture, business.industry, business, Irrigation, Geology, Hydrology
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Article . 2017
Article . 2017
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