Modernisation or Westernisation of Johor under Abu Bakar: A Historical Analysis.

Article English OPEN
A Rahman Tang Abdullah;
  • Publisher: IIUM Press, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Journal: Intellectual Discourse (issn: 0128-4878, eissn: 2289-5639)
  • Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
  • Subject: Philosophy. Psychology. Religion | B | Islam. Bahai Faith. Theosophy, etc. | BP1-610

Abstract: The transformation of Johor under Abu Bakar has been variously described as modernisation or westernisation. Westernisation argument is flawed because during the period under consideration, Johor was not yet fully under the control of the West. The archival re... View more
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