"Natūralusis sujungimas" ir jungtuko beĩ kilmė: pastabos dėl prūsų ir lietuvių kalbų santykių

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Ostrowski, Norbert (2017)
  • Publisher: Vilnius University
  • Journal: Baltistica, volume 2,017, issue 1, pages 47-63 (issn: 0132-6503, eissn: 2345-0045)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.15388/baltistica.52.1.2308
  • Subject: Old Prussian | language contacts | etymology | Lithuanian | Philology. Linguistics | P1-1091 | Lithuania ; Lithuanian ; Old Prussian ; Historical syntax ; Etymology ; Language contacts | historical syntax

Productivity of the Lithuanian conjunction <em>beĩ</em> ‘and’, marker of so called „natural coordination”, is strictly connected to the area of Lithuania Minor (former East Prussia). Lithuanian <em>beĩ</em> comes from conflation of the common Baltic conjunction <em>bè</em> ‘and’ and an additive particle <em>ir</em> ‘also’. The conflated form *<em>beir</em> has been further reduced to <em>beĩ</em> in accordance with Lithuanian phonotactic rules that do not tolerate group VRR (V = Vocal, R = Resonant). There are some traces that suggest that Lithuanian <em>beĩ</em> ‘and’ came into existence in the bilingual, Old Prussian-Lithuanian environment.
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