Path Tortuosity and the Permeability of Roads and Trails to Wolf Movement

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Jesse Whittington; Colleen Cassady St. Clair; George Mercer;
(2004)

Few studies have examined the effects of human development on fine-scale movement behavior, yet understanding animal movement through increasingly human-dominated landscapes is essential for the persistence of many wild populations, especially wary species. In mountaino... View more
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