Konsep Fiqah Malaysia dalam Perundangan Islam: Satu Pengenalan (The Concept of Malaysian Fiqah in Islamic Law: An Introduction)

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Rahimin Affandi Abd. Rahim ; Shamsiah Mohamad ; Paizah Ismail ; Nor Hayati Mohd Dahlal (2010)
  • Publisher: Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Journal: Kajian Malaysia (issn: 0127-4082, eissn: 2180-4273)
  • Subject: konsep fiqah Malaysia | perundangan Islam | mazhab Shafii | budaya Melayu | Malaysian fiqah | Islamic law | Shafii mazhab | Malay culture | Geography (General) | G1-922

Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menunjukkan sifat dinamik konsep fiqah dalam sistem perundangan Islam Malaysia yang menekankan kepentingan hubungan dengan Allah dan sesama makhluk. Teori utama yang digunakan adalah teori epistemologi hukum Islam yang menetapkan bahawa sifat kelestarian sistem hukum Islam hanya boleh dicapai melalui pembentukan kerangka epistemologi (apa, bagaimana dan untuk tujuan apa) yang jelas. Bagi mencapai objektif, kajian ini menggunakan kaedah pengumpulan data primer dan data sekunder yang dianalisis kemudiannya bagi membentuk teori konsep fiqah semasa yang lebih bersesuaian dengan realiti Malaysia. Hasil kajian ini mendapati konsep fiqah semasa telah mula difahami oleh masyarakat Malaysia. Namun begitu, kelangkaan masih lagi wujud dalam soal pemantapan konsep fiqah semasa ini dari segi kerangka konsep, rasionaliti, pendekatan dan epistemologi, yang sepatutnya dijalankan oleh pihak Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Awam (IPTA) di Malaysia. Untuk itu, kajian ini telah cuba mengemukakan jalan penyelesaian kepada usaha pemantapan ini.This study aims to demonstrate the dynamism of the concept of Islamic fiqah in Malaysian Islamic law that emphasises the importance of the relationship between Allah and human beings. In this regard, this study hopes to show the dynamism of fiqah as a concept in Malaysia's Islamic legal system. The primary theory used here is the epistemology of Islamic law which determines that the sustainability of Islamic law can only be achieved by developing an epistemological framework (what, how and for what purpose) in a clear manner. In order to achieve this objective, the study had collected both primary and secondary data. The data was subsequently analysed to formulate a contemporary theory of Islam fiqah that is better suited to Malaysian reality. The findings show that the proposed concept of contemporary Islamic fiqah has begun to be understood by Malaysian society. However, the reinforcement of the contemporary fiqah concept is still rarely undertaken in terms of the concept framework, rationality, approach and epistemology that should have been done by the institutions of higher learning in Malaysia. For this purpose, this study has attempted to offer solutions to the effort of reinforcing the said concept.
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