publication . Article . 2018

Time to Redefine Organic Agriculture: Can’t GM Crops Be Certified as Organics?

Amjad M. Husaini; Muhammad Sohail;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Apr 2018 Journal: Frontiers in Plant Science, volume 9
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Abstract
The challenges of sustainable food production without damaging the environment for a growing human population have increased considerably. The current agricultural practices involving chemical fertilizers and even organic farming are not sustainable in the long run and can have deleterious effects on the environment. Thus, new, innovative solutions need to be identified and propagated for tackling this. Among such innovations, that can complement conventional as well as organic farming methods, are genetic modification (GM) and aquaculture. Yet, GM technologies often face resistance from civil groups owing to an ‘unknown’ fear, akin to Frankenstein’s monster. Ho...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: transgenic plants, recombinant DNA technology, genetically modified organisms, sustainable agriculture, environmental pollution, climate change, Plant Science, Perspective, lcsh:Plant culture, lcsh:SB1-1110, Agriculture, business.industry, business, Organic farming, Genetically modified crops, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Natural resource economics, Certification, Golden rice
Communities
Agricultural and Food Sciences
Rural Digital Europe
33 references, page 1 of 3

Borlaug N. E. (2000). Ending world hunger: the promise of biotechnology and the threat of antiscience zealotry. Plant Physiol. 124 487–490. 10.1104/pp.124.2.487 11027697 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Brookes G.Barfoot P. (2017). Environmental impacts of genetically modified (GM) crop use 1996–2015: impacts on pesticide use and carbon emissions. GM Crops Food 8 117–147. 10.1080/21645698.2017.1309490 28414252 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Ceccarelli S. (2014). GM crops, organic agriculture and breeding for sustainability. Sustainability 6 4273–4286. 10.3390/su6074273 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Dale J.Paul J.-Y.Dugdale B.Harding R. (2017). Modifying bananas: from transgenics to organics? Sustainability 9:333 10.3390/su9030333 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Dar M. H.de-Janvry A.Emerick K.Raitzer D.Sadoulet E. (2013). Flood-tolerant rice reduces yield variability and raises expected yield, differentially benefitting socially disadvantaged groups. Sci. Rep. 3:3315. 10.1038/srep03315 24263095 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Geddes B. A.Ryu M. H.Mus F.Costas A. G.Peters J. W.Voigt C. A. (2015). Use of plant colonizing bacteria as chassis for transfer of N2-fixation to cereals. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 32 216–222. 10.1016/j.copbio.2015.01.004 25626166 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Gheysen G.Custers R. (2017). Why organic farming should embrace co-existence with cisgenic late blight–resistant potato. Sustainability 9:172 10.3390/su9020172 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Gold M. V. (2016). “What is Organic Production?” National Agricultural Library. USDA. Available at: https://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/organic-productionorganic-food-information-access-tools

Hughner R. S.McDonagh P.Prothero A.Shultz I. I. C. J.Stanton J. (2007). Who are organic food consumers? a compilation and review of why people purchase organic food. J. Consum. Behav. 6 94–110. 10.1002/cb.210 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Husaini A. M. (2014). Challenges of Climate Change: Omics-based biology of Saffron plants and organic agricultural biotechnology for sustainable saffron production. GM Crops Food 5 97–105. 10.4161/gmcr.29436 25072266 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Husaini A. M.Abdin M. Z.Parray G. A.Sanghera G. S.Murtaza I.Alam T. (2010). Vehicles and ways for efficient nuclear transformation in plants. GM Crops 1 1–12. 10.4161/gmcr.1.5.14660 21912204 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Husaini A. M.Rashid Z.Mir R. R.Aquil B. (2011). Approaches for gene targeting and targeted gene expression in plants. GM Crops 2 150–162. 10.4161/gmcr.2.3.18605 22179193 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Husaini A. M.Tuteja N. (2013). Biotech crops: imperative for achieving the Millennium Development Goals and sustainability of agriculture in the climate change era. GM Crops Food 4 1–9. 10.4161/gmcr.22748 23160541 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movements [IFOAM] (2016). IFOAM—Organics International Position on Genetic Engineering and Genetically Modified Organisms. Draft for Public Consultation—March. Available at: http://www.ifoam.bio/en/news/2016/02/26/public-consultation-position-ifoam-organics-international-genetic-engineering-and

James C. (2016). Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/ GM Crops, 2016: Brief 52. New Delhi: ISAAA South Asia Office.

33 references, page 1 of 3
Related research
Abstract
The challenges of sustainable food production without damaging the environment for a growing human population have increased considerably. The current agricultural practices involving chemical fertilizers and even organic farming are not sustainable in the long run and can have deleterious effects on the environment. Thus, new, innovative solutions need to be identified and propagated for tackling this. Among such innovations, that can complement conventional as well as organic farming methods, are genetic modification (GM) and aquaculture. Yet, GM technologies often face resistance from civil groups owing to an ‘unknown’ fear, akin to Frankenstein’s monster. Ho...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: transgenic plants, recombinant DNA technology, genetically modified organisms, sustainable agriculture, environmental pollution, climate change, Plant Science, Perspective, lcsh:Plant culture, lcsh:SB1-1110, Agriculture, business.industry, business, Organic farming, Genetically modified crops, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Natural resource economics, Certification, Golden rice
Communities
Agricultural and Food Sciences
Rural Digital Europe
33 references, page 1 of 3

Borlaug N. E. (2000). Ending world hunger: the promise of biotechnology and the threat of antiscience zealotry. Plant Physiol. 124 487–490. 10.1104/pp.124.2.487 11027697 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Brookes G.Barfoot P. (2017). Environmental impacts of genetically modified (GM) crop use 1996–2015: impacts on pesticide use and carbon emissions. GM Crops Food 8 117–147. 10.1080/21645698.2017.1309490 28414252 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Ceccarelli S. (2014). GM crops, organic agriculture and breeding for sustainability. Sustainability 6 4273–4286. 10.3390/su6074273 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Dale J.Paul J.-Y.Dugdale B.Harding R. (2017). Modifying bananas: from transgenics to organics? Sustainability 9:333 10.3390/su9030333 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Dar M. H.de-Janvry A.Emerick K.Raitzer D.Sadoulet E. (2013). Flood-tolerant rice reduces yield variability and raises expected yield, differentially benefitting socially disadvantaged groups. Sci. Rep. 3:3315. 10.1038/srep03315 24263095 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Geddes B. A.Ryu M. H.Mus F.Costas A. G.Peters J. W.Voigt C. A. (2015). Use of plant colonizing bacteria as chassis for transfer of N2-fixation to cereals. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 32 216–222. 10.1016/j.copbio.2015.01.004 25626166 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Gheysen G.Custers R. (2017). Why organic farming should embrace co-existence with cisgenic late blight–resistant potato. Sustainability 9:172 10.3390/su9020172 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Gold M. V. (2016). “What is Organic Production?” National Agricultural Library. USDA. Available at: https://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/organic-productionorganic-food-information-access-tools

Hughner R. S.McDonagh P.Prothero A.Shultz I. I. C. J.Stanton J. (2007). Who are organic food consumers? a compilation and review of why people purchase organic food. J. Consum. Behav. 6 94–110. 10.1002/cb.210 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Husaini A. M. (2014). Challenges of Climate Change: Omics-based biology of Saffron plants and organic agricultural biotechnology for sustainable saffron production. GM Crops Food 5 97–105. 10.4161/gmcr.29436 25072266 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Husaini A. M.Abdin M. Z.Parray G. A.Sanghera G. S.Murtaza I.Alam T. (2010). Vehicles and ways for efficient nuclear transformation in plants. GM Crops 1 1–12. 10.4161/gmcr.1.5.14660 21912204 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Husaini A. M.Rashid Z.Mir R. R.Aquil B. (2011). Approaches for gene targeting and targeted gene expression in plants. GM Crops 2 150–162. 10.4161/gmcr.2.3.18605 22179193 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Husaini A. M.Tuteja N. (2013). Biotech crops: imperative for achieving the Millennium Development Goals and sustainability of agriculture in the climate change era. GM Crops Food 4 1–9. 10.4161/gmcr.22748 23160541 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movements [IFOAM] (2016). IFOAM—Organics International Position on Genetic Engineering and Genetically Modified Organisms. Draft for Public Consultation—March. Available at: http://www.ifoam.bio/en/news/2016/02/26/public-consultation-position-ifoam-organics-international-genetic-engineering-and

James C. (2016). Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/ GM Crops, 2016: Brief 52. New Delhi: ISAAA South Asia Office.

33 references, page 1 of 3
Related research
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