Severe Bone Loss induced by Orthodontic Elastic Separator: A Rare Case Report

Article English OPEN
A E Vishwanath ; B K Sharmada ; Sandesh S Pai ; Nandini Nelvigi (2013)
  • Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
  • Journal: Journal of Indian Orthodontic Society (issn: 0301-5742, eissn: 0974-9098)
  • Subject: Orthodontic separator | Alveolar bone loss | Curettage | Dentistry | RK1-715

A displaced orthodontic elastic separator was proposed as being the source of a gingival abscess that progressed to severe bone loss and exfoliation in a healthy adolescent patient with sound periodontal status prior to commencement of orthodontic treatment. After 1 year of undergoing orthodontic treatment, the patient presented with dull pain and mobility in the left upper permanent molar for which there was no apparent etiology. On clinical examination, the patient had gingival inflammation, associated with a deep pocket and severe mobility (grade III) in relation to the same teeth. Radiographic examination of an orthopantomogram and intraoral periapical radiography (IOPAR) revealed a chronic periodontal abscess with severe necrosis of the periodontal ligament and severe alveolar bone loss. A radiopaque mass on the distal surface below the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) was also observed. The patient was referred to the department of periodontics for assessment and appropriate treatment. On curettage, it was found that there was orthodontic elastic separator which was displaced subgingivally.
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