Assessment of the material properties of a fire damaged building

Article English OPEN
Oladipupo OLOMO ; Olufikayo ADERINLEWO ; Moses TANIMOLA ; Silvana CROOPE (2012)
  • Publisher: National R&D Institute URBAN-INCERC, INCERC Bucharest Branch
  • Journal: Constructii: Journal of Civil Engineering Research (issn: 1221-2709, eissn: 2247-0328)
  • Subject: ultrasonic pulse velocity | tensile strength | compressive strength | non-destructive tests | Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) | TA1-2040 | Building construction | TH1-9745

This study identifies a process for assessing the material properties of a fire damaged building so as to determine whether the remains can be utilized in construction or be demolished. Physical and chemical analysis were carried out on concrete and steel samples taken from various elements of the building after thorough visual inspection of the entire building had been conducted. The physical (non-destructive) tests included the Schmidt hammer and ultrasonic pulse velocity tests on the concrete samples, tensile strength test on the steel samples and chemical tests involving the assessment of the quantities of cement, sulphates and chloride concentrations in the samples. A redesign of the building elements was also carried out and the results were compared with the existing design. The non-destructive test results indicated compressive strengths as low as 9.9 N/mm2, the tensile strength test indicated a maximum strength of 397.48 N/mm2 and the chemical test indicated chloride contents as high as 0.534 g per gramme of concrete. These properties deviated significantly from standard requirements. Based on these results, it was concluded that the remains of the building should be demolished.
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