Shadow Education in Malaysia: Identifying the Determinants of Spending and Amount of Time Attending Private Supplementary Tutoring of Upper Secondary School Students

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Chang Da Wan; Benedict Weerasena;
  • Publisher: University of Malaya
  • Journal: Journal of International and Comparative Education (issn: 2232-1802, eissn: 2289-2567)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.14425/jice.2017.6.2.91
  • Subject: shadow education | Malaysia | secondary education | demand for education | Education | L | Education (General) | L7-991

This paper examines the determinants of spending and the amount of time attending private supplementary tutoring, or commonly known as private tuition, in Malaysia. Based on 343 self-reported questionnaires with upper secondary students across three states in Malaysia a... View more
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