Burning mouth syndrome: An update

Article English OPEN
Vijay Kumar Ambaldhage ; Jaishankar Homberhalli Puttabuddi ; Purnachandrarao Naik Nunsavath (2015)
  • Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
  • Journal: Indian Journal of Pain (issn: 0970-5333)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.4103/0970-5333.145905
  • Subject: Neurology. Diseases of the nervous system | stomatodynia | RC346-429 | glossalgia | glossopyrosis | Glossodynia
    mesheuropmc: stomatognathic diseases

Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is characterized by an oral burning sensation in the absence of any organic disorders of the oral cavity. Although the cause of BMS is not known, a complex association of biological and psychological factors has been identified, suggesting the existence of a multifactorial etiology. It is observed principally in middle-aged patients and postmenopausal women and is characterized by an intense burning type of pain, preferably on the tongue and in other areas of the oral mucosa. As the symptom of oral burning is seen in various pathological conditions, it is essential for a clinician to be aware of how to differentiate between symptom of oral burning and BMS. This article provides an overview of the literature on this syndrome with special reference to the etiological factors, clinical aspects, diagnostic criteria that should be followed and the therapeutic management with reference to the most recent studies.
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