Four Weeks of Off-Season Training Improves Peak Oxygen Consumption in Female Field Hockey Players

Article English OPEN
Funch, Lindsey T. ; Lind, Erik ; True, Larissa ; Van Langen, Deborah ; Foley, John T. ; Hokanson, James F. (2017)
  • Publisher: MDPI
  • Journal: Sports, volume 5, issue 4 (issn: 2075-4663, eissn: 2075-4663)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC5969043, doi: 10.3390/sports5040089
  • Subject: GV557-1198.995 | intervals | HIT | V ˙ O 2 peak | field hockey | Sports | VO2peak | maximal oxygen consumption | non-traditional season training | HIIT | tabata intervals | Article

The purpose of the study was to examine the changes in peak oxygen consumption ( V ˙O2peak) and running economy (RE) following four-weeks of high intensity training and concurrent strength and conditioning during the off-season in collegiate female field hockey players. Fourteen female student-athletes (age 19.29 ± 0.91 years) were divided into two training groups, matched from baseline V ˙O2peak: High Intensity Training (HITrun; n = 8) and High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT; n = 6). Participants completed 12 training sessions. HITrun consisted of 30 min of high-intensity running, while HIIT consisted of a series of whole-body high intensity Tabata-style intervals (75–85% of age predicted maximum heart rate) for a total of four minutes. In addition to the interval training, the off-season training included six resistance training sessions, three team practices, and concluded with a team scrimmage. V ˙O2peak was measured pre- and post-training to determine the effectiveness of the training program. A two-way mixed (group × time) ANOVA showed a main effect of time with a statistically significant difference in V ˙O2peak from pre- to post-testing, F(1, 12) = 12.657, p = 0.004, partial η2 = 0.041. Average (±SD) V ˙O2peak increased from 44.64 ± 3.74 to 47.35 ± 3.16 mL·kg−1·min−1 for HIIT group and increased from 45.39 ± 2.80 to 48.22 ± 2.42 mL·kg−1·min−1 for HITrun group. Given the similar improvement in aerobic power, coaches and training staff may find the time saving element of HIIT-type conditioning programs attractive.
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