publication . Article . 2011

Gender affects body language reading.

Arseny A Sokolov; Arseny A Sokolov; Samuel eKrüger; Paul eEnck; Ingeborg eKrägeloh-Mann; Marina A Pavlova; Marina A Pavlova;
  • Published: 01 Feb 2011
Abstract
Body motion is a rich source of information for social cognition. However, gender effects in body language reading are largely unknown. Here we investigated whether, and, if so, how recognition of emotional expressions revealed by body motion is gender dependent. To this end, females and males were presented with point-light displays portraying knocking at a door performed with different emotional expressions. The findings show that gender affects accuracy rather than speed of body language reading. This effect, however, is modulated by emotional content of actions: males surpass in recognition accuracy of happy actions, whereas females tend to excel in recognit...
Subjects
free text keywords: Psychology, Original Research, visual perception, biological motion, social cognition, gender, emotion, gender differences, Body Motion, BF1-990, General Psychology, Communication, business.industry, business, Emotional expression, Body language, Social psychology, Vulnerability
Related Organizations
51 references, page 1 of 4

Adolphs R. (2003). Cognitive neuroscience of human social behaviour. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 4, 165–178 12612630 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Atkinson A. P.Dittrich W. H.Gemmel A. J.Young A. W. (2004). Emotion perception from dynamic and static body expressions in point-light and full-light displays. Perception 33, 717–746 10.1068/p5096 15330366 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Biele C.Grabowska A. (2006). Sex differences in perception of emotion intensity in dynamic and static facial expressions. Exp. Brain Res. 171, 1–6 10.1007/s00221-005-0254-0 16628369 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Blank P. D.Rosenthal R.Snodgrass S. E.DePaulo B. M.Zuckerman M. (1981). Sex differences in eavesdropping on non-verbal cues: developmental changes. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 41, 391–396

Bourne V. J. (2005). Lateralised processing of positive facial emotion: sex differences in strength of hemispheric dominance. Neuropsychologia 43, 953–956 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2004.08.007 15716165 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Cahill L. (2006). Why sex matters for neuroscience? Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 7, 477–484 16688123 [PubMed]

Chouchourelou A.Toshihiko M.Harber K.Shiffrar M. (2006). The visual analysis of emotional actions. Soc. Neurosci. 1, 63–74 18633776 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Clarke T. J.Bradshaw M. F.Field D. T.Hampson S. E.Rose D. (2005). The perception of emotion from body movement in point-light displays of interpersonal dialogue. Perception 34, 1171–1180 10.1068/p5203 16309112 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

De Gelder B. (2006). Towards the neurobiology of emotional body language. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 7, 242–249 16495945 [PubMed]

De Gelder B. (2009). Why bodies? Twelve reasons for including bodily expressions in affective neuroscience. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B. 364, 3475–3484 19884142 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

De Vries G. J. (2004). Sex differences in adult and developing brains: compensation, compensation, compensation. Endocrinology 145, 1603–1608

Derntl B.Habel U.Windischberger C.Robinson S.Kryspin-Exner I.Gur R. C.Moser E. (2009a). General and specific responsiveness of the amygdala during explicit emotion recognition in females and males. BMC Neurosci. 10, 91 10.1186/1471-2202-10-91 19653893 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Derntl B.Windischberger C.Robinson S.Kryspin-Exner I.Gur R. C.Moser E.Habel U. (2009b). Amygdala activity to fear and anger in healthy young males is associated with testosterone. Psychoneuroendocrinology 34, 687–693 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2008.11.007 19136216 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Dittrich W. H.Troscianko T.Lea S. E.Morgan D. (1996). Perception of emotion from dynamic point-light displays represented in dance. Perception 25, 727–738 10.1068/p250727 8888304 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Farris C.Treat T. A.Vilken R. J.McFall R. M. (2008). Perceptual mechanisms that characterize gender differences in decoding women's sexual intent. Psychol. Sci. 19, 348–354 18399887 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

51 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
Body motion is a rich source of information for social cognition. However, gender effects in body language reading are largely unknown. Here we investigated whether, and, if so, how recognition of emotional expressions revealed by body motion is gender dependent. To this end, females and males were presented with point-light displays portraying knocking at a door performed with different emotional expressions. The findings show that gender affects accuracy rather than speed of body language reading. This effect, however, is modulated by emotional content of actions: males surpass in recognition accuracy of happy actions, whereas females tend to excel in recognit...
Subjects
free text keywords: Psychology, Original Research, visual perception, biological motion, social cognition, gender, emotion, gender differences, Body Motion, BF1-990, General Psychology, Communication, business.industry, business, Emotional expression, Body language, Social psychology, Vulnerability
Related Organizations
51 references, page 1 of 4

Adolphs R. (2003). Cognitive neuroscience of human social behaviour. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 4, 165–178 12612630 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Atkinson A. P.Dittrich W. H.Gemmel A. J.Young A. W. (2004). Emotion perception from dynamic and static body expressions in point-light and full-light displays. Perception 33, 717–746 10.1068/p5096 15330366 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Biele C.Grabowska A. (2006). Sex differences in perception of emotion intensity in dynamic and static facial expressions. Exp. Brain Res. 171, 1–6 10.1007/s00221-005-0254-0 16628369 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Blank P. D.Rosenthal R.Snodgrass S. E.DePaulo B. M.Zuckerman M. (1981). Sex differences in eavesdropping on non-verbal cues: developmental changes. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 41, 391–396

Bourne V. J. (2005). Lateralised processing of positive facial emotion: sex differences in strength of hemispheric dominance. Neuropsychologia 43, 953–956 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2004.08.007 15716165 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Cahill L. (2006). Why sex matters for neuroscience? Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 7, 477–484 16688123 [PubMed]

Chouchourelou A.Toshihiko M.Harber K.Shiffrar M. (2006). The visual analysis of emotional actions. Soc. Neurosci. 1, 63–74 18633776 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Clarke T. J.Bradshaw M. F.Field D. T.Hampson S. E.Rose D. (2005). The perception of emotion from body movement in point-light displays of interpersonal dialogue. Perception 34, 1171–1180 10.1068/p5203 16309112 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

De Gelder B. (2006). Towards the neurobiology of emotional body language. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 7, 242–249 16495945 [PubMed]

De Gelder B. (2009). Why bodies? Twelve reasons for including bodily expressions in affective neuroscience. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B. 364, 3475–3484 19884142 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

De Vries G. J. (2004). Sex differences in adult and developing brains: compensation, compensation, compensation. Endocrinology 145, 1603–1608

Derntl B.Habel U.Windischberger C.Robinson S.Kryspin-Exner I.Gur R. C.Moser E. (2009a). General and specific responsiveness of the amygdala during explicit emotion recognition in females and males. BMC Neurosci. 10, 91 10.1186/1471-2202-10-91 19653893 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Derntl B.Windischberger C.Robinson S.Kryspin-Exner I.Gur R. C.Moser E.Habel U. (2009b). Amygdala activity to fear and anger in healthy young males is associated with testosterone. Psychoneuroendocrinology 34, 687–693 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2008.11.007 19136216 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Dittrich W. H.Troscianko T.Lea S. E.Morgan D. (1996). Perception of emotion from dynamic point-light displays represented in dance. Perception 25, 727–738 10.1068/p250727 8888304 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Farris C.Treat T. A.Vilken R. J.McFall R. M. (2008). Perceptual mechanisms that characterize gender differences in decoding women's sexual intent. Psychol. Sci. 19, 348–354 18399887 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

51 references, page 1 of 4
Powered by OpenAIRE Open Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue
publication . Article . 2011

Gender affects body language reading.

Arseny A Sokolov; Arseny A Sokolov; Samuel eKrüger; Paul eEnck; Ingeborg eKrägeloh-Mann; Marina A Pavlova; Marina A Pavlova;