TRAITEMENT DES EAUX USEES PAR COAGULATION-FLOCULATION EN UTILISANT LE SULFATE D’ALUMINIUM COMME COAGULANT

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Nora SEGHAIRI ; Leila MIMECHE ; Adel BOUZID ; Yassir AYACHI (2017)
  • Publisher: Institut Marocain de l’Information Scientifique et Technique
  • Journal: Journal of Water and Environmental Sciences (issn: 2509-0445)
  • Subject: Wastewater | coagulation-flocculation | aluminum sulphate | BOD5 | ammonium | phosphates | nitrates | Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering | TD1-1066 | Environmental sciences | GE1-350

Domestic wastewater treatment by coagulation-flocculation is widely used internationally. This treatment reduces color and turbidity, indicating organic and inorganic contaminants, but at acceptable levels for treated waste water discharged into the receiving environment. The objective of this study is to optimize the treatment of wastewater by coagulation-flocculation using aluminum sulphate as a coagulant. Various reaction parameters are taken into account, such as the coagulant dose, the pH of the solutions, the conductivity, the BOD5, the nitrates, the ammonium and the phosphates. We found from the different results obtained the optimal dose of aluminum sulphate is 400 mg/l with a reduction of 96.31%, 82.44% 90.95% and 78.74% respectively for phosphates, nitrates, ammonium and BOD5. It is recognized that pH influences the abatement rates of pollution contained in wastewater. For each water, there is a pH range for which coagulation- flocculation takes place rapidly. For our study, the optimum pH for removal of BOD5 and ammonium is between 6 and 7.
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