Selective weed control using laser techniques

Article German OPEN
Marx, Christian ; Pastrana-Perez, Julio ; Hustedt, Michael ; Barcikowski, Stephan ; Haferkamp, Heinz ; Rath, Thomas (2012)
  • Publisher: Julius Kühn-Institut
  • Journal: Julius-Kühn-Archiv (issn: 1868-9892)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.5073/jka.2012.434.026
  • Subject: Laser-Applikation | Schädigungsmodell | Unkrautbekämpfung | Zielfindung | damage model | laser application | targeting | weed control | Agriculture | S | Botany | QK1-989

This contribution discusses technical and growth relevant aspects of using laser techniques for weed control. The research on thermal weed control via laser first focused on the interaction of laser beams and weed plants. Due to preliminary studies, a CO2-laser was selected for further studies with regard to the process factors laser energy, laser spot area, coverage of the weeds meristem, weed species (Amaranthus retroflexus), and weed growth stage. Thereby, the laser damage was modeled in order to control the necessary laser output power online. Furthermore, the beam positioning leading to an effective damaging of the weeds was investigated and a test device was designed. With the aid of contemporary image processing algorithms for weed recognition and meristem determination, a laser and servo-motor control was developed. Most of the studies presented in this paper were part of the project “Investigations on laser light affected weed control of juvenile plants with the aid of image processing” funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.
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