Growth and Tissue Elemental Composition Response of Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) to Hydroponic and Aquaponic Water Quality Conditions

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Daniel A. Vandam ; Tyler S. Anderson ; David de Villiers ; Michael B. Timmons (2017)
  • Publisher: MDPI AG
  • Journal: Horticulturae (issn: 2311-7524)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3390/horticulturae3020032
  • Subject: hydroponics | aquaponics | spinach | pH | biomass | nutrient analysis | tissue analysis | temperature | Plant culture | SB1-1110

Spinach (Spinacia oleracea cv. Carmel) was grown in a conventional glass greenhouse under three different nutrient solution treatments. Lighting and temperature conditions were identical. Six growing systems were used to provide a duplicate trough system for each of the... View more
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