Growth and Tissue Elemental Composition Response of Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) to Hydroponic and Aquaponic Water Quality Conditions
Daniel A. Vandam
Tyler S. Anderson
David de Villiers
Michael B. Timmons
- Publisher: MDPI AG
hydroponics | aquaponics | spinach | pH | biomass | nutrient analysis | tissue analysis | temperature | Plant culture | SB1-1110
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea cv. Carmel) was grown in a conventional glass greenhouse under three different nutrient solution treatments. Lighting and temperature conditions were identical. Six growing systems were used to provide a duplicate trough system for each of the...