publication . Article . 2014

Sphagnum farming in Germany – a review of progress

G. Gaudig; F. Fengler; M. Krebs; A. Prager; J. Schulz; S. Wichmann; H. Joosten;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Feb 2014 Journal: Mires and Peat (issn: 1819-754X, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: International Mire Conservation Group and International Peat Society
Abstract
In ombrotrophic, nutrient-poor peatlands, the cultivation of peatmoss (Sphagnum spp.) is a promising paludiculture option. Since 2001 we have been studying peatmoss cultivation (‘Sphagnum farming’) in greenhouse and field experiments, paying special attention to propagation, propagule storage, establishment, productivity and regeneration. Our studies show that Sphagnum farming in Germany may provide a sustainable high-quality alternative to fossil white peat as a raw material for horticultural growing media. Sphagnum farming is, furthermore, a climate-friendly and sustainable land use option for abandoned cut-over bogs and degraded bog grassland.
Subjects
free text keywords: degraded bog, sustainable land use, Sphagnum biomass, growing media, Ecology, QH540-549.5
Download from
Mires and Peat
Article . 2014
43 references, page 1 of 3

Alexander, P.D., Bragg, N.C., Meade, R., Padelopoulos, G. & Watts, O. (2008) Peat in horticulture and conservation: the UK response to a changing world. Mires and Peat, 3(08), 1- 10.

Altmann, M. (2008) Socio-economic Impact of the Peat and Growing Media Industry on Horticulture in the EU. Report for EPAGMA by Co Concept, Luxemburg, 119 pp. + apps. Online at: http://coconcept.lu/fileadmin/Downloads/ Socio_Economic_Study1.pdf, accessed 27 Feb 2014.

Barthelmes, A., Dommain, R. & Joosten, H. (2012) Global potential of paludiculture as land use alternative for rewetted peatlands. Proceedings of the 14th International Peat Congress (Stockholm, Sweden), No. 387. International Peat Society, Jyväskylä, access via  http://www.peatsociety.org.

Blievernicht, A., Irrgang, S., Zander, M. & Ulrichs, C. (2011) Produktion von Torfmoosen (Sphagnum sp.) als Torfersatz im Erwerbsgartenbau (Production of peatmosses (Sphagnum sp.) as an alternative for peat in professional horticulture). Gesunde Pflanze, 4, 125-131 (in German). [OpenAIRE]

Blievernicht, A., Irrgang, S., Zander, M. & Ulrichs, C. (2012) The youngest peat - Sustainable production of Sphagnum sp. and its use as growing media in professional horticulture. Proceedings of the 14th International Peat Congress (Stockholm, Sweden), No. 247. International Peat Society, Jyväskylä, access via  http://www.peatsociety.org.

Blievernicht, A., Irrgang, S., Zander, M. & Ulrichs, C. (2013) Sphagnum biomass - the next generation of growing media. Peatlands International, 1/ 2013, 32-35.

Clymo, R.S. (1970) The growth of Sphagnum: Methods of measurement. Journal of Ecology, 58, 13-49.

Crawley, M.J. (2005) Statistics: An Introduction Using R. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, 342 pp.

Denny, D. (2013) Tracking Peat Usage in Growing Media Production. Annual Report. Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board, Horticultural Trades Association and Defra, 24 pp. Online at: http://www.hdc.org.uk/sites/ default/files/research_papers/CP%20100_Report _Annual_July_2013.pdf, accessed 27 Feb 2014.

Emmel, M. (2008) Growing ornamental plants in Sphagnum biomass. Acta Horticulturae, 779, 173-178.

Gahlert, F., Prager, A., Schulz, J., Krebs, M., Gaudig, G. & Joosten, H. (2012) Sphagnum propagules from spores: first experiences. Proceedings of the 14th International Peat Congress (Stockholm, Sweden), No. 307. International Peat Society, Jyväskylä, access via  http://www.peatsociety.org.

Gaudig, G. (2008) Sphagnum farming in progress - experiences and perspectives. In Farrell, C. & Feehan, J. (eds.) After Wise Use - the Future of Peatlands. Proceedings of the 13th International Peat Congress, Tullamore. International Peat Society, Jyväskylä, 168-171.

Gaudig, G. & Joosten, H. (2002) Peat moss (Sphagnum) as a renewable resource - an alternative to Sphagnum peat in horticulture. In: Schmilewski, G. & Rochefort, L. (eds.) Peat in Horticulture. Quality and Environmental Challenges. International Peat Society, Jyväskylä, 117-125.

Gaudig, G. & Joosten, H. (2007) Sphagnum farming: local agricultural production of a horticultural peat substitute. Proceedings, Colloque international - Tourbe et tourbières 2007, La tourbe en horticulture et la rehabilitation des tourbières après exploitation : quells enjeux pour demain? (International conference - Peat and peatlands 2007, Peat in horticulture and the rehabilitation of mires after peat extraction : which issues for tomorrow?) Access via: http://www.pole-tourbieres.org/ IMG/pdf/Peat_and_Peatlands_-_Tourbe_et_ tourbieres_conference_Lamoura_2007.pdf.

Gaudig, G., Joosten, H. & Kamermann, D. (2008) Growing growing media: promises of Sphagnum biomass. Acta Horticulturae, 779, 165-171.

43 references, page 1 of 3
Powered by OpenAIRE Open Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue