publication . Article . 2017

The Homicide Atlas in Colombia: Contagion and Under-Registration for Small Areas

B. Piedad Urdinola; Francisco Torres Áviles†; Jairo Alexander Velasco;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jun 2017 Journal: Cuadernos de Geografía: Revista Colombiana de Geografía, volume 26, pages 101-118 (issn: 0121-215X, eissn: 2256-5442, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Abstract
Abstract The homocide atlas in Colombia is a visual representation of both expansion and aggravation of the armed internal conflict for the deadly decades of 1990 to 2009. However, mortality under-registration remains an issue in most developing countries, more remarkably when studying particular causes of death on small areas. This document proposes a Bayesian spatial method to identify mortality under-registration in municipalities. Probability maps help to identify under-registered municipalities in Colombia that coincide with the rise of violence at the turn of the century, which is not captured in vital registration systems. It also shows that women suffer ...
Subjects
free text keywords: bayesian spatial analysis, homicide atlas, demography of conflict, mortality under-registration, análisis espacial bayesiano, atlas de homicidio, demografía de conflicto, estimación de área pequeña, subregistro de mortalidad, análise espacial bayesiana, atlas de homicídio, demografia de conflito, estimativa de área pequena, sub-registro de mortalidade, Homicide, Small population size, Geography, Cartography, Bayesian probability, Developing country, Small area estimation, mortality under-registration., Geography (General), G1-922
Related Organizations

8193 0194 2194 4194 6194 8194 0195 2195 4195 695 895 096 296 496 696 896 097 297 497 697 897 098 298 498 698 898 099 299 499 6991 8991 0002 2002 4002 6002 8002 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Homicides count (left axis) Homicides Rate, per 100,000 (right axis)

Echandía Castilla, Camilo. 199E9l.conflicto armado y las Linard, Catherine, Victori A. Alegana, Abdisalan M. Noor, manifestaciones de violencia en las regiones de Co.lombiaRobert W. Snow, and Andrew J. Tatem. 2010. “A High Tomo I deBiblioteca para la Paz: Serie Aportes para .la Paz Resolution Spatial Population Database of Somalia for Bogota: Presidency of the Republic of Colombia, Ofice Disease Risk Mapping.”International Journal of Health of High Commission for Peace. Violence Observatory. Geographic9s:45. doi: 10.1186/1476-072X-9-45.

European Commission, Insermu,px, andtheme 3. 2002. López-Abente, Gonzalo, Rebeca Ramis, Marina Pollán, Nuria Health statistics - Atlas on mortality in the Europe.an UnioAnragonés, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Diana Gómez-Barroso, Chapter 4 'Premature' Mortality. Luxemburg: Ocfie of-Of José Miguel Carrasco, Virginia Lope, Javier García-Pérez, ifcial Publications of the European Communities. http:// Elena Boldo, and María José García-Mendizábal. 2007. ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/3217494/5622724/Atlas municipal de mortalidad por cáncer en España 1989- KS-08-02-004-EN.PDF/892617ac-d4d5-4dc6-ab71a9-98. Madrid: Instituto de Salud Cariliio. s e2b7b3a59e95?version=1.0 Lunn, David, David Spiegelhalter, Andrew Thomas, and Fajnzylber, Pablo, Daniel Lederman, and Norman Loayza. Nicky Best. 2009. “The bugs project: Evolution, critique, 1998. Determinants of Crime Rates in Latin America and and future directionSst.”atistics in Medicin28e (25): the World: An Empirical Assessm. eWnatshington D.C.: 3049-3067. doi: 10.1002/sim.3680. World Bank. Magalhães, R.J.S., Clements, A.C.A., Patil, A.P., Gething, Flórez, Carmen Elisa. 198The5e.xistence of a Latin American P.W., and Brooker, S. 2011. “The Applications of ModelMortality Pattern: An Analysis of the Colombian and thbeased Geostatistics in Helminth Epidemiology and-Con Venezuelan cas.eDsocumentocede 81. Bogotá: Unive-r trol.A”dvances in Parasitolo7g4y:267-296. doi: 10.1016/ sidad de los Andes. B978-0-12-385897-9.00005-7.

Flórez, Carmen Elisa. 200L0a.s transformaciones soc-iodeMarshall, Roger J. 1991. “Mapping Disease and Mortality mográficas en Colombia durante el sxigxl.oBogotá: Banco Rates Using Empirical Bayes EstimatorJso.u”rnal of the de la República. Royal Statistical Society Series C (Applied Stat4is0tics) Hansell, A. L., L. A. Beale, R. E. Ghosh, L. Fortunato, D. (2): 283-294. doi: 10.2307/2347593. Fecht, L. Järup, and P. Elliott. 201The4E.nvironment Matthews, Stephen, and Daniel M. Parker. 2013. “Progress and Health Atlas for England and W.Oaxlfeosrd: Oxford in Spatial DemographyD.”emographic Resear2ch8 (10): University Press 271-312. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2013.28.10.

Hay, Simon I., Katherine E. Battle, David M. Piggot, DavidMollié, A. 2000. “Bayesian mapping of Hodgkin's disease L. Smith, Catherine L. Moyes, Samir Bhatt, John S. in France.” InSpatial Epidemiology: Methods and Ap-plica Brownstein, Nigel Collier, Monica F. Myers, Dylan B. tion,sedited by Paul Elliott, Jon Wakefield, Nicola Best, George, and Peter W. Gething. 2013. “Global mapping and David Briggs, 267-285. New York: Oxford University of infectious diseasPeh.”ilosophical Transactions of the Press.

Montenegro, A. and Posada, C. E. 200L1a. violencia en C-o Prabhat Jha, and Alan D. López. 2005. “Sample regi-stra lombia.Bogota: Alfaomega. tion of vital events with verbal autopsy: A renew-ed com Moultrie, Tom, Rob Dorrington, Allan Hill, Kenneth Hill,mitment to measuring and monitoring vital statistics.” Ian Timaeus, and Zaba Basia. 2013T.ools for Demographic Bulletin of the World Health Organi8za3t(i8o):n611-617. Estimatio.nParis:iussp. doi: /S0042-96862005000800015.

Moreno, R., M. Piñeros, and G. Hernández-Suárez. 2003S.inka, Marianne E., Michael J. Bangs, Sylvie Manguin, Atlas de mortalidad por cáncer en Col.oBmobgioatá: In- Yasmin Rubio-Palis, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap, stituto Nacional de Cancerología, Instituto GeográficoMaureen Coetzee, Charles M. Mbogo, Janet Hem-ing Agustín Codazzi. way, Anand P. Patil, William H. Temperley, Peter W.

Noor, Abdisalan M., Archie C. A. Clements, Peter W. Gething, Gething, Caroline W. Kabaria, Thomas R. Burkot, Ralph Grainne Moloney, Mohammed Borle, Tanya Shewchuk, R. Harbach, and Simon I. Hay. 2012. “A Global Map of Simon Hay, and Robert W. Snow. 2008. “Spatial pre-dic Dominant Malaria VectorPsa.”rasites and Vecto5r:6s9. tion ofPlasmodium falciparupmrevalence in Somalia. doi: 10.1186/1756-3305-5-69. Malaria Journa7l:159. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-7-159. Sinka, Marianne E., Michael J. Bangs, Sylvie Manguin, oms (Organización Mundial de la Salud). 2S0i0t1u.ación de Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap, Anand P. Patil,-Wil salud en Colombia: Indicadores bá.sFicoolsding brochure. liam H. Temperley, Peter W. Gething, Iqbal RF. Elyazar, Bogotá:oms. Caroline W. Kabaria, Ralph E. Harbach, and Simon I.

Richardson, Sylvia, Andrew Thomson, Nicky Best, and PaulTimaeus, Ian M., Juan Chackiel, and Lado Ruzicka. 1996. Elliott. 2004. “Interpreting posterior relative r-isk estAidult Mortality in Latin Ame.rOicxaford: Clarendon mates in disease-mapping studiEens.v”ironmental Health Press. Perspective1s12 (9): 1016-1025. doi: 10.1289/ehp.6740. u.n. (United Nations). 1983M. anual-X: Indirect Techniques Romero, Mauricio. 2003P.aramilitares y autodefensas 1982- for Demographic Estimat.iNoenw York: United Nations. 2003. Bogotá:iepri. u.n. 2002. “Methods for Estimating Adult Mor.t”aPloitpyuSetel, Philip W, Osman Sankoh, Chalapati Rao, Victoria A. lation Division, Department of Economic and Social Velkof, Colin Mathers, Yang Gonghuan, Yusuf Hemed, Affairs-United Nations Secretariat (July).

Powered by OpenAIRE Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue