publication . Other literature type . Article . 2017

Recovery of biological soil crust richness and cover 12–16 years after wildfires in Idaho, USA

H. T. Root; J. C. Brinda; E. K. Dodson;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Sep 2017
Abstract
<jats:p>Abstract. Changing fire regimes in western North America may impact biological soil crust (BSC) communities that influence many ecosystem functions, such as soil stability and C and N cycling. However, longer-term effects of wildfire on BSC abundance, species richness, functional groups, and ecosystem functions after wildfire (i.e., BSC resilience) are still poorly understood. We sampled BSC lichen and bryophyte communities at four sites in Idaho, USA, within foothill steppe communities that included wildfires from 12 to 16 years old. We established six plots outside each burn perimeter and compared them with six plots of varying severity within each fir...
Subjects
free text keywords: Earth-Surface Processes, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Ecology, Species richness, Geology, Lichen, Biological soil crust, Ecosystem, Bryophyte, Steppe, geography.geographical_feature_category, geography, Vascular plant, biology.organism_classification, biology, Fire regime, QH540-549.5, Life, QH501-531, QE1-996.5
52 references, page 1 of 4

Anderson, M. J.: A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance, Austral. Ecol., 26, 32-46, 2001.

Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B., and Walker, S.: Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4, J. Stat. Softw., 67, 1-48, 2015.

Belnap, J.: Potential role of cryptobiotic soil crust in semiarid rangelands, in: Proceedings - Ecology and Management of Annual Rangelands, General Technical Report INT-GTR-313, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, UT, 179-185, 1994.

Belnap, J.: Biological soil crusts and wind erosion, in: Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management, edited by: Belnap, J. and Lange, O. L., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 339-347, 2001. [OpenAIRE]

Belnap, J.: Nitrogen fixation in biological soil crusts from southeast Utah, USA, Biol. Fert. Soils, 35, 128-135, 2002. [OpenAIRE]

Belnap, J. and Eldridge, D.: Disturbance and recovery of biological soil crusts, in: Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management, edited by: Belnap, J. and Lange, O. L., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 363-383, 2001. [OpenAIRE]

Belnap, J. and Gardner, J. S.: Soil microstructure in soils of the Colorado Plateau: the role of the cyanobacterium Microcoleus vaginatus, Great. Basin. Nat., 53, 40-47, 1993.

Belnap, J. and Warren, S. D.: Patton's tracks in the Mojave Desert, USA: an ecological legacy, Arid. Land. Res. Manag., 16, 245- 258, 2002. [OpenAIRE]

Belnap, J., Prasse, R., and Harper, K. T.: Influence of biological soil crusts on soil environments and vascular plants, in: Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management, edited by: Belnap, J. and Lange, O. L., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 281-300, 2001. [OpenAIRE]

Bowker, M. A.: Biological soil crust rehabilitation in theory and practice: an underexploited opportunity, Restor. Ecol., 15, 13- 23, 2007.

Bowker, M. A. and Belnap, J.: A simple classification of soil types as habitats of biological soil crusts on the Colorado Plateau, USA, J. Veg. Sci., 19, 831-840, 2008. [OpenAIRE]

Bowker, M. A., Belnap, J., Rosentreter, R., and Graham, B.: Wildfire-resistant biological soil crusts and fire-induced loss of soil stability in Palouse prairies, USA, Appl. Soil Ecol., 26, 41- 52, 2004.

Bowker, M. A., Belnap, J., Davidson, D. W., and Goldstein, H.: Correlates of biological soil crust abundance across a continuum of spatial scales: support for a hierarchical conceptual model, J. Appl. Ecol., 43, 152-163, 2006.

Brummer, T. J., Taylor, K. T., Rotella, J., Maxwell, B. D., Rew, L. J., and Lavin, M.: Drivers of Bromus tectorum abundance in the Western North American sagebrush steppe, Ecosystems, 19, 986-1000, 2016. [OpenAIRE]

Chambers, J. C., Bradley, B. A., Brown, C. S., D'Antonio, C., Germino, M. J., Grace, J. B., Hardegree, S. P., Miller, R. F., and Pyke, D. A.: Resilience to stress and disturbance, and resistance to Bromus tectorum L. invasion in cold desert shrublands of western North America, Ecosystems, 17, 360-375, 2014.

52 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
<jats:p>Abstract. Changing fire regimes in western North America may impact biological soil crust (BSC) communities that influence many ecosystem functions, such as soil stability and C and N cycling. However, longer-term effects of wildfire on BSC abundance, species richness, functional groups, and ecosystem functions after wildfire (i.e., BSC resilience) are still poorly understood. We sampled BSC lichen and bryophyte communities at four sites in Idaho, USA, within foothill steppe communities that included wildfires from 12 to 16 years old. We established six plots outside each burn perimeter and compared them with six plots of varying severity within each fir...
Subjects
free text keywords: Earth-Surface Processes, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Ecology, Species richness, Geology, Lichen, Biological soil crust, Ecosystem, Bryophyte, Steppe, geography.geographical_feature_category, geography, Vascular plant, biology.organism_classification, biology, Fire regime, QH540-549.5, Life, QH501-531, QE1-996.5
52 references, page 1 of 4

Anderson, M. J.: A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance, Austral. Ecol., 26, 32-46, 2001.

Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B., and Walker, S.: Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4, J. Stat. Softw., 67, 1-48, 2015.

Belnap, J.: Potential role of cryptobiotic soil crust in semiarid rangelands, in: Proceedings - Ecology and Management of Annual Rangelands, General Technical Report INT-GTR-313, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, UT, 179-185, 1994.

Belnap, J.: Biological soil crusts and wind erosion, in: Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management, edited by: Belnap, J. and Lange, O. L., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 339-347, 2001. [OpenAIRE]

Belnap, J.: Nitrogen fixation in biological soil crusts from southeast Utah, USA, Biol. Fert. Soils, 35, 128-135, 2002. [OpenAIRE]

Belnap, J. and Eldridge, D.: Disturbance and recovery of biological soil crusts, in: Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management, edited by: Belnap, J. and Lange, O. L., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 363-383, 2001. [OpenAIRE]

Belnap, J. and Gardner, J. S.: Soil microstructure in soils of the Colorado Plateau: the role of the cyanobacterium Microcoleus vaginatus, Great. Basin. Nat., 53, 40-47, 1993.

Belnap, J. and Warren, S. D.: Patton's tracks in the Mojave Desert, USA: an ecological legacy, Arid. Land. Res. Manag., 16, 245- 258, 2002. [OpenAIRE]

Belnap, J., Prasse, R., and Harper, K. T.: Influence of biological soil crusts on soil environments and vascular plants, in: Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management, edited by: Belnap, J. and Lange, O. L., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 281-300, 2001. [OpenAIRE]

Bowker, M. A.: Biological soil crust rehabilitation in theory and practice: an underexploited opportunity, Restor. Ecol., 15, 13- 23, 2007.

Bowker, M. A. and Belnap, J.: A simple classification of soil types as habitats of biological soil crusts on the Colorado Plateau, USA, J. Veg. Sci., 19, 831-840, 2008. [OpenAIRE]

Bowker, M. A., Belnap, J., Rosentreter, R., and Graham, B.: Wildfire-resistant biological soil crusts and fire-induced loss of soil stability in Palouse prairies, USA, Appl. Soil Ecol., 26, 41- 52, 2004.

Bowker, M. A., Belnap, J., Davidson, D. W., and Goldstein, H.: Correlates of biological soil crust abundance across a continuum of spatial scales: support for a hierarchical conceptual model, J. Appl. Ecol., 43, 152-163, 2006.

Brummer, T. J., Taylor, K. T., Rotella, J., Maxwell, B. D., Rew, L. J., and Lavin, M.: Drivers of Bromus tectorum abundance in the Western North American sagebrush steppe, Ecosystems, 19, 986-1000, 2016. [OpenAIRE]

Chambers, J. C., Bradley, B. A., Brown, C. S., D'Antonio, C., Germino, M. J., Grace, J. B., Hardegree, S. P., Miller, R. F., and Pyke, D. A.: Resilience to stress and disturbance, and resistance to Bromus tectorum L. invasion in cold desert shrublands of western North America, Ecosystems, 17, 360-375, 2014.

52 references, page 1 of 4
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publication . Other literature type . Article . 2017

Recovery of biological soil crust richness and cover 12–16 years after wildfires in Idaho, USA

H. T. Root; J. C. Brinda; E. K. Dodson;