publication . Article . 2005

Vigilancia de los niveles de uso de antibióticos y perfiles de resistencia bacteriana en hospitales de tercer nivel de la Ciudad de México Surveillance of antibiotic utilization and bacterial resistance profiles in tertiary level hospitals in Mexico City

Lilia Benavides-Plascencia; Alejandro Leonardo Aldama-Ojeda; Héctor Javier Vázquez;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2005 Journal: Salud Pública de México (issn: 0036-3634, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Abstract
OBJETIVO: Determinar los niveles de uso de antibióticos y el perfil de resistencia de las bacterias nosocomiales, e identificar y proponer estrategias para disminuir la resistencia a los antibióticos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, retrolectivo (1994-1995), hecho en seis hospitales de tercer nivel de la Ciudad de México. RESULTADOS: La resistencia del grupo hospitalario fue de 86%, mientras que el consumo total de antibióticos por institución varió entre 44 y 195 dosis diarias definidas/100 camas-día. CONCLUSIONES: Se identificaron los elementos para instrumentar un sistema de vigilancia integral que mejore el uso de antibióticos y la valoración de la ...
Subjects
free text keywords: antibióticos, resistencia microbiana a las drogas, México, antibiotics, resistance microbial, Mexico, Public aspects of medicine, RA1-1270
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