Electronic cigarette use: comparing smokers, vapers, and dual users on characteristics and motivational factors

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Claire Schoren; Karin Hummel; Hein de Vries;

Introduction This study examined vaping behaviour, precursors of vaping, and motivational differences between smokers, dual users and vapers. The objectives were to assess a) vaping characteristics and reasons for use, b) differences in motivational factors and behav... View more
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