publication . Article . 2003

Innovative Speech Reconstructive Surgery

Hashem Shemshadi;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Sep 2003 Journal: Iranian Rehabilitation Journal (issn: 1735-3602, eissn: 1735-3610, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Negah Institute for Scientific Communication
Proper speech functioning in human being, depends on the precise coordination and timing balances in a series of complex neuro nuscular movements and actions. Starting from the prime organ of energy source of expelled air from respirato y system; deliver such air to trigger vocal cords; swift changes of this phonatory episode to a comprehensible sound in RESONACE and final coordination of all head and neck structures to elicit final speech in Articulators, are needed to function elegantly together. Any defects in this pathway with any etiology, creates speech difficulties. Reconstructive proce...
free text keywords: Speech reconstructive surgery, Speech pathology, Speech and language, Medicine, R, Vocational rehabilitation. Employment of people with disabilities, HD7255-7256
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