A unique case of bifid left testicular artery having its anomalous high origin from renal artery

Article English OPEN
Ashwini P Aithal ; Naveen Kumar ; Swamy S Ravindra ; Jyothsna Patil (2016)
  • Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications
  • Journal: Journal of Medical Sciences (issn: 1011-4564)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.4103/1011-4564.181523
  • Subject: abdominal aorta | Medicine | RC86-88.9 | R | Bifid testicular artery | renal artery | renal hilum | renal vein | Medical emergencies. Critical care. Intensive care. First aid
    mesheuropmc: endocrine system | urologic and male genital diseases | endocrine system diseases | urogenital system

The testicular arteries are known to originate from the ventrolateral aspect of the abdominal aorta and descend obliquely to the pelvic cavity and supply the testis. An anatomical description of an uncommon variation of the left testicular artery is presented in this case report, highlighting its clinical implications. During routine dissection of a male cadaver, we found that the left testicular artery was bifid and it was arising from the left renal artery. After its origin, it then coursed behind the left renal vein, passed between the left testicular vein and left ureter and at the lower pole of the left kidney, this bifid testicular artery joined to form a single testicular artery which thereafter presented a normal course. Anatomy of the testicular artery has been studied in detail because of its importance in testicular physiology, as well as its significance in testicular and renal surgery. This vascular variation shows a major significance in renal surgery, partial or total nephrectomy, and renal transplant. In addition, this anatomical variation enhances the importance of arteriography or the Doppler ultrasound examination of the renal hilum before surgeries.
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