publication . Article . 2016

Smoking and passive smoking.

Robert Cumming; Leeder, S. R.;
  • Published: 01 Sep 2016
Objective: To review the literature on associations between cardiovascular diseases and tobacco use, including recent trends in smoking behaviors and clinical approaches for cessation of smoking. Methods: A literature review of recent scientific findings for smoking and cardiovascular diseases and recommendations for obtaining cessation. Results: Tobacco smoking is causally related to cardiovascular disease, with nearly a half million deaths annually attributed to cigarette smoking in the United States. The human, economic, medical, and indirect costs are enormous. Secondhand smoke as inhaled from the environment also plays an important role in the genesis of ca...
free text keywords: Medicine, business.industry, business, Passive smoking, medicine.disease_cause, Environmental health, tobacco, cigarettes, smoking cessation, e-cigarettes, secondhand smoke, myocardial infarction, stroke, Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system, RC666-701
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