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Publication . Article . 2016

4. Valorizations of Theoretical Models of Giftedness and Talent in Defining of Artistic Talent

Ionica Ona Anghel;
Open Access  
Published: 01 Mar 2016 Journal: Review of Artistic Education, volume 12, pages 231-239 (eissn: 2501-238X, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Abstract
1. Giftedness and talent conceptsBefore addressing the subject of artistic talent we want to clarify a situation encountered in psycho pedagogy of excellence literature: the relationships between concepts of giftedness and talent. Romanian authors have preferred a long period of time - at least until the 90s - the differentiated approach for "giftedness" and "talent" using the concept of "giftedness" to refer to hig her general intellectual abilities (Jigau M., 1994) or related to creativity (Roca 1990), and the concept of "talent" to refer to higher manifested specific skills (Begat M., 1967 Jigau M., 1994.). In the late 90s, international trends influenced Romanian authors' works. Cretu C. 1997 adopted in Global Success Model a differential meaning of the two concepts: giftedness is considered to be a high level of innate abilities expressed in a field, and the talent is considered to be systematic developed high level of abilities in different fields. In his later works she choose to use giftedness, talent, excellence, high skills, skills above average to "designate the phenomenon of exceptionality manifested in any field socially useful" (Cretu, 2005).On the international literature the terms giftedness and talent are most frequently used interchangeably as synonyms, receiving the necessary nuances. This is the version that we agreed since research has shown that both concepts are multidimensional, determined by internal and external factors, innate or educated. We adhere of synonymous option also because both terms are used to describe the same reality: the presence or the potentiality of outstanding performance, and whether that behavior denotes technical performance we talk about technical talent, whether that behavior denotes performance in art we talking about artistic talent, etc. In this situation both, talented in art and talented in technologies, are gifted or gifted in technology and gifted in the art.2. Approaches of talent and giftedness in theoretical modelsThe most contemporary models and theories on talent and giftedness give it to us by the research of psycho pedagogy of excellence explain the phenomenon by its multidimensionality. Feldhusen is an author who believes that talent is one of an important element of giftedness. These two concepts have different meanings for Gagne, the talent being the expression of becoming gifted through education. For Tanenbaum, Renzulli or Heller the concepts are synonyms. There are approaches that discus the concept of giftedness without speaking about the talent in any way. They are researchers concerned with explaining cognitive functioning of giftedness, rather than explaining how it manifests. We can enumerate Gardner or Sternberg. We will achieve a review of some of the most relevant theoretical models of talent and giftedness in defining artistic talent.2.1. Sea star model of giftedness (Tannenbaum, 1983)The model offered by Tannenbaum in 1983 stipulates the presence of five components of whose combination, in different proportions for each area of talent, provides the prerequisites for giftedness. Placing in star shape of the five factors important for defining talent and giftedness gave the name of the model. In each of the five points of the star are: general ability, special aptitude, nonintellective requisites, environmental supports and chance. In the light of these factors a gifted person is " that it denotes their potential for becoming critically acclaimed performers or exemplary producers of ideas in spheres of activity that enhance the moral, physical, emotional, social, intellectual or aesthetic life of humanity" (Tannenbaum, 1986, p33).He proposes four types of gifted and talented persons according to their contribution to society: "the scarcity talents" are the gifted that society needs to make our lives simple, safe, healthy (e.g. the inventor of penicillin); " the surplus talents" are the gifted who beautify the world (e. …
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Epistemology Creativity media_common.quotation_subject media_common Aptitude Psychology Pedagogy Meaning (existential) Phenomenon Expression (architecture) Excellence Subject (philosophy) Cognitive skill

Subjects

General Medicine, giftedness, talent, theoretical models, artistic talent, Fine Arts, N, Education, L