Component Analysis of Sweet BV and Clinical Trial on Antibody Titer and Allergic Reactions

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Ki Rok, Kwon ; Suk Ho, Choi ; Bae Chun Cha (2006)
  • Publisher: Korean Pharmacopuncture Institute
  • Journal: Journal of Pharmacopuncture (issn: 2093-6966, eissn: 2234-6856)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3831/KPI.2006.9.2.079
  • Subject: melittin | Sweet Bee Venom | allergy | Medicine | R | RM1-950 | Therapeutics. Pharmacology | Miscellaneous systems and treatments | bee venom | RZ409.7-999
    mesheuropmc: food and beverages | complex mixtures | fungi | digestive, oral, and skin physiology | stomatognathic system

Objectives : The aim of this study was to observe prevention of allergic reactions of Sweet Bee Venom (removing enzyme components from Bee Venom). Methods : Content analysis of Sweet Bee Venom and Bee Venom was rendered using HPLC method and characterization of Anti-Sweet Bee Venom in Rabbit Serum. Clinical observation was conducted for inducement of allergic responses to Sweet BV. Results : 1. Analyzing melittin content using HPLC, Sweet BV contained 34.9% more melittin than Bee venom pharmacopuncture at same concentration. 2. Observing chromatogram of HPLC, removal of the enzyme was successfully rendered on Sweet BV. 3. The anti-serum of Sweet BV showed high titers against melittin and bee venom and relatively low titer against phospholipase A2. 4. After conducting approximately 3,000 cases of Sweet BV administration, not a single case of generalized anaphylatic reaction occurred in clinical observation. 5. Mild compared to the bee venom pharmacopuncture, Sweet BV showed some acute hypersensitive reactions of edema, itchiness, and aching locally. 6. Sweet BV was administered on six patients with previous history of suffering from generalized acute hypersensitive reactions with the bee venom. None of the patients showed allergic reactions with Sweet BV, suggesting it can effectively prevent anaphylatic shock which may occur after the bee venom pharmacopuncture procedure. Conclusion : Summarizing above results, Sweet Bee Venom appears to be an effective measurement against allergic reactions from the bee venom pharmacopuncture especially against anaphylatic shock.
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