publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015

Assessing the Levels and Health Risk of Atmospheric Formaldehyde in Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Mohammed, Atef M.F.; Morsy, Essam A.; Turki M. Habeebullah; Munir, Said;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jul 2015 Journal: EnvironmentAsia (issn: 1906-1714, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Thai Society of Higher Eduction Institutes on Environment
Abstract
Atmospheric Formaldehyde (HCHO) was monitored in four sites on the Holy Mosque of Makkah, Saudi Arabia during August, 2013. The daily mean concentrations of HCHO were ranged from 1.09-18.92 g/m3. The levels of HCHO were significantly higher than the permissible exposure limit (0.042 μg/m3) of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). However, it were not exceeded the recommended exposure limit of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (20 μg/m3) and Egyptian law 4/1994 (0.37 mg/m3). Spatial variations of HCHO concentrations most probably due to variations in local meteorology and traffic flow, which was considered the main sour...
Subjects
free text keywords: risk assessment, Makkah, Formaldehyde, vehicle emissions, G, GE1-350, Geography. Anthropology. Recreation, formaldehyde,vehicle emissions,risk assessment,The Holy Mosque,Makkah, Environmental sciences, The Holy Mosque
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publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015

Assessing the Levels and Health Risk of Atmospheric Formaldehyde in Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Mohammed, Atef M.F.; Morsy, Essam A.; Turki M. Habeebullah; Munir, Said;