Literacy: a discussion of graphocentrism in microculture

Article English OPEN
Michelle Donizeth Euzébio ; Anderson Jair Goulart ; Angelita Darela Mendes (2010)
  • Publisher: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós-graduação em Linguística
  • Journal: Fórum Linguístico (issn: 1415-8698, eissn: 1984-8412)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.5007/1984-8412.2009v6n2p39
  • Subject: Práticas e eventos de letramento | Ambientação familiar | Língua escrita | Philology. Linguistics | P1-1091

This study focuses on the characterization of graphocentrism in microculture. We aim to describe, based on literacy studies, the presence of written language in the life of socially and historically situated subjects, thematizing the axiological capital of less favored socioeconomic contexts. Subjects are children undergoing schooling process, living in a district of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Discussions on the theme are based on Barton (1994), Barton, Hamilton and Ivanic (2000), Heath (1982), and Street (1994, 2003). Looking at literacy from a sociocultural perspective implies understanding that subjects deal with written language in their daily life in different ways. It seems that school tends to teach subject matters defined beforehand, and this hampers the dialog with different social practices played by students who come from family environments with different schooling levels. This study is inserted in a project whose focus is the defense of a more sensible look of school concerning the different realities which constitute school itself, regarding the teaching of written language. The present research aims to answer the following questions: How can we configure the microculture (family, school, church, neighborhood) – more or less graphocentric – where children attending 1st to 5th grade live, in an economically less privileged community of Florianópolis? How can we delineate the axiological capital regarding the mastering of written language by those children? What literacy events are more recurrent within that microculture? The data were collected by means of interviews, observations and field annotations, focusing on the visible elements of literacy events, similarly to what has been done by Hamiton (2000), such as participants, environments, artifacts, and activities. On the hand, the non-visible constituents of literacy practices, such as hidden participants, domain, resources, and routines, were observed during interaction.
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