Bound by debt: Nutmeg trees and changing relations between farmers and agents in a Moluccan agroforestry systems

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Messalina Lovenia Salampessy; Indra Gumay Febryano; Dini Zulfiani;
  • Publisher: Hasanuddin University
  • Journal: Forest and Society (issn: 2549-4724, eissn: 2549-4333)
  • Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.24259/fs.v1i2.1718
  • Subject: Agroforestry | nutmeg dusung | tree mortgage system | principal agent | debt bondage | Forestry | SD1-669.5 | Environmental sciences | GE1-350 | Ecology | QH540-549.5

Agroforestry is a land management system long practiced by communities in the Moluccas. The practice is commonly known as "Dusung", where one cash crop in particular, nutmeg, is interspersed throughout farmer groves. Farmers have faced a number of challenges in recent y... View more
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