Opium: The Evolution of Policies, the Tolerance of the Vice, and the Proliferation of Contraband Trade in the Philippines, 1843-1908

Article English OPEN
Alma N. Bamero;
(2006)
  • Publisher: University of the Philippines
  • Journal: Social Science Diliman (issn: 1655-1524, eissn: 2012-0796)
  • Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
  • Subject: Opium | contraband trade | Alcaiceria de San Fernando | mercantile houses | Gunga Incident | Scandal of 1843. | Social Sciences | H | Social sciences (General) | H1-99

This research entitled “Opium: The Evolution of Policies, the Tolerance of the Vice, and the Proliferation of Contraband Trade in the Philippines, 1843-1908” presents a discussion of the opium trade in Asia, the commercial networks it created, the political ties it stre... View more
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