Effects of Cr2N Precipitation on the Antibacterial Properties of AISI 430 Stainless Steel

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Je-Kang Du ; Chih-Yeh Chao ; Yu-Ting Jhong ; Chung-Hao Wu ; Ju-Hui Wu (2016)
  • Publisher: MDPI AG
  • Journal: Metals (issn: 2075-4701)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3390/met6040073
  • Subject: antibacterial behavior | Escherichia coli | ferritic type stainless steel | Mining engineering. Metallurgy | Cr2N precipitation | TN1-997
    mesheuropmc: fungi | technology, industry, and agriculture

Based on their mechanical properties and good corrosion resistance, some commercial Ni-Cr stainless steels have been widely applied as biomaterials, including the austenitic 304 stainless steel, the austenitic 316 stainless steel, the duplex 2205 stainless steel, and the ferritic 430 stainless steel. In order to reduce the occurrence of infections resulting from biomaterial implants, instruments, and medical devices, Cu2+ and Ag2+ ions have been added onto biomaterials for increasing the antibacterial properties, but they are known to damage biofilm. The occurrence of nanoparticles can also improve the antibacterial properties of biomaterials through various methods. In this study, we used Escherichia coli and analyzed the microstructures of American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) 430 stainless steel with a 0.18 mass % N alloy element. During a lower temperature aging, the microstructure of the as-quenched specimen is essentially a ferrite and martensite duplex matrix with some Cr2N precipitates formed. Additionally, the antibacterial properties of the alloy for E. coli ranged from 3% to 60%, consistent with the presence of Cr2N precipitates. When aged at a lower temperature, which resulted in nano-Cr2N precipitation, the specimen possessed the highest antibacterial activity.
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