publication . Article . 2017

Rheological, fat bloom, and sensory acceptability effects of mango kernel fat and palm olein blends on chocolate-flavored coatings

gabriela Chire; CARLOS LESCANO; Nieves Maria FLORES March;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Oct 2017
  • Publisher: Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Abstract
Abstract The effects of replacing cocoa butter with different percentages and proportions of a mango kernel fat/palm olein (MKF/POL) blend, are reported. Samples were prepared by melting together mango kernel fat, palm olein, cocoa butter and cocoa mass and powdered sugar combinated. The samples were milled, conched, tempered, and molded to obtain three sets of seven samples as follows: one control omitting mango kernel fat and palm olein, and six samples with cocoa butter replacement of 15 and 22.5% and MKF/POL ratios of 2.3, 4.0, and 9.0. Casson viscosity, Casson yield stress, fat bloom and sensory acceptability were all measured. In fact, all samples had achi...
Subjects
free text keywords: Accelerated bloom, Casson viscosity, Casson yield stress, chocolate coatings, CBE, general acceptability, rheology, Aceptabilidad general, cobertura chocolate, eflorescencia acelerada, MCE, reología, valor mínimo de Casson, viscosidad de Casson, Agriculture, S
20 references, page 1 of 2

Aguiar, A. P. D., Ometto, J. P., Nobre, C., Lapola, D. M., Almeida, C., Vieira, I. C., … Castilla-Rubio, J. C. (2012). Modeling the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of deforestation-driven carbon emissions: the INPE-EM framework applied to the Brazilian Amazon. Glob Change Biol, 18(11), 3346-3366. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365- 2486.2012.02782.x

Armenteras-Pascual, D., Retana-Alumbreros, J., Molowny-Horas, R., Roman-Cuesta, R. M., Gonzalez-Alonso, F., & Morales-Rivas, M. (2011). Characterising fire spatial pattern interactions with climate and vegetation in Colombia. Agr Forest Meteorol, 151(3), 279-289. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.11.002 [OpenAIRE]

Armenteras, D., Romero, M. & Galindo, G. (2005). Vegetation fire in the savannas of the Llanos orientales of Colombia. World Resource Review, 17(4), 628-647. https://www.meetings.copernicus. org/www.cosis.net/abstracts/EGU05/00463/ EGU05-J-00463.pdf.

Assad, E. D., Pinto, H. S., Martins, S. C., Groppo, J. D., Salgado, P. R., Evangelista, B., … Martinelli, L. A. (2013). Changes in soil carbon stocks in Brazil due to land use: Paired site comparisons and a regional pasture soil survey. Biogeosciences, 10(10), 6141- 6160. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-6141-2013 [OpenAIRE]

Berenguer, E., Ferreira, J., Gardner, T. A., Aragão, L. E. O. C., De Camargo, P. B., Cerri, C. E., … Barlow, J. (2014). A large-scale field assessment of carbon stocks in human-modified tropical forests. Global Change Biol, 20(12). 3713-3726. https://doi. org/10.1111/gcb.12627

Cerri, C. E. P., Easter, M., Paustian, K., Killian, K., Coleman, K., Bernoux, M., … Cerri, C. C. (2007). Predicted soil organic carbon stocks and changes in the Brazilian Amazon between 2000 and 2030. Agr Ecosyst Environ, 122(1), 58-72. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.agee.2007.01.008 [OpenAIRE]

de Blécourt, M., Brumme, R., Xu, J., Corre, M. D. & Veldkamp, E. (2013). Soil carbon stocks decrease following conversion of secondary forests to rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) plantations. PLoS ONE, 8(7), e69357. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0069357 [OpenAIRE]

Hoffmann, W. A., Adasme, R., Haridasan, M., De Carvalho, M. T., Geiger, E. L., Pereira, M. A. B., … Franco, A. C. (2009). Tree topkill, not mortality, governs the dynamics of savanna-forest boundaries under frequent fire in central Brazil. Ecology, 90(5), 1326-1337. https://doi.org/10.1890/08-0741.1 [OpenAIRE]

Hoffmann, W. A., Geiger, E. L., Gotsch, S. G., Rossatto, D. R., Silva, L. C. R., Lau, O. L., … Franco, A. C. (2012). Ecological thresholds at the savanna-forest boundary: how plant traits, resources and fire govern the distribution of tropical biomes. Ecol Lett, 15, 759-768. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461- 0248.2012.01789.x

Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi. IGAC (1.988). Estudio General de Suelos de la Comisaría del Vichada. Bogotá. Editorial Carreraza Ltda., V I, p. 40

López-Hernández, D. (2012). Earthworm populations in savannas of the Orinoco basin. A review of studies in long-term agricultural-managed and protected ecosystems. Agriculture, 2(4), 87-108. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture2020087

Mouillot, F., & Field, C. B. (2005). Fire history and the global carbon budget: a 1ox 1o fire history reconstruction for the 20th century. Global Change Biol, 11(3), 398-420. https://doi.org/10.1111/ j.1365-2486.2005.00920.x [OpenAIRE]

Romero-Ruiz, M., Etter, a., Sarmiento, a., & Tansey, K. (2010). Spatial and temporal variability of fires in relation to ecosystems, land tenure and rainfall in savannas of northern South America. Global Change Biol, 16(7), 2013-2023. https://doi. org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02081.x

Ryan, C. M., Williams, M. & Grace, J. (2011). Aboveand belowground carbon stocks in a miombo woodland landscape of Mozambique. Biotropica, 43(4), 423-432. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744- 7429.2010.00713.x

Sierra, C. A., del Valle, J. I., Orrego, S. A., Moreno, F. H., Harmon, M. E., Zapata, M., … Benjumea, J. F. (2007). Total carbon stocks in a tropical forest landscape of the Porce region, Colombia. Forest Ecol Manag, 243(2-3), 299-309. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.03.026

20 references, page 1 of 2
Abstract
Abstract The effects of replacing cocoa butter with different percentages and proportions of a mango kernel fat/palm olein (MKF/POL) blend, are reported. Samples were prepared by melting together mango kernel fat, palm olein, cocoa butter and cocoa mass and powdered sugar combinated. The samples were milled, conched, tempered, and molded to obtain three sets of seven samples as follows: one control omitting mango kernel fat and palm olein, and six samples with cocoa butter replacement of 15 and 22.5% and MKF/POL ratios of 2.3, 4.0, and 9.0. Casson viscosity, Casson yield stress, fat bloom and sensory acceptability were all measured. In fact, all samples had achi...
Subjects
free text keywords: Accelerated bloom, Casson viscosity, Casson yield stress, chocolate coatings, CBE, general acceptability, rheology, Aceptabilidad general, cobertura chocolate, eflorescencia acelerada, MCE, reología, valor mínimo de Casson, viscosidad de Casson, Agriculture, S
20 references, page 1 of 2

Aguiar, A. P. D., Ometto, J. P., Nobre, C., Lapola, D. M., Almeida, C., Vieira, I. C., … Castilla-Rubio, J. C. (2012). Modeling the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of deforestation-driven carbon emissions: the INPE-EM framework applied to the Brazilian Amazon. Glob Change Biol, 18(11), 3346-3366. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365- 2486.2012.02782.x

Armenteras-Pascual, D., Retana-Alumbreros, J., Molowny-Horas, R., Roman-Cuesta, R. M., Gonzalez-Alonso, F., & Morales-Rivas, M. (2011). Characterising fire spatial pattern interactions with climate and vegetation in Colombia. Agr Forest Meteorol, 151(3), 279-289. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.11.002 [OpenAIRE]

Armenteras, D., Romero, M. & Galindo, G. (2005). Vegetation fire in the savannas of the Llanos orientales of Colombia. World Resource Review, 17(4), 628-647. https://www.meetings.copernicus. org/www.cosis.net/abstracts/EGU05/00463/ EGU05-J-00463.pdf.

Assad, E. D., Pinto, H. S., Martins, S. C., Groppo, J. D., Salgado, P. R., Evangelista, B., … Martinelli, L. A. (2013). Changes in soil carbon stocks in Brazil due to land use: Paired site comparisons and a regional pasture soil survey. Biogeosciences, 10(10), 6141- 6160. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-6141-2013 [OpenAIRE]

Berenguer, E., Ferreira, J., Gardner, T. A., Aragão, L. E. O. C., De Camargo, P. B., Cerri, C. E., … Barlow, J. (2014). A large-scale field assessment of carbon stocks in human-modified tropical forests. Global Change Biol, 20(12). 3713-3726. https://doi. org/10.1111/gcb.12627

Cerri, C. E. P., Easter, M., Paustian, K., Killian, K., Coleman, K., Bernoux, M., … Cerri, C. C. (2007). Predicted soil organic carbon stocks and changes in the Brazilian Amazon between 2000 and 2030. Agr Ecosyst Environ, 122(1), 58-72. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.agee.2007.01.008 [OpenAIRE]

de Blécourt, M., Brumme, R., Xu, J., Corre, M. D. & Veldkamp, E. (2013). Soil carbon stocks decrease following conversion of secondary forests to rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) plantations. PLoS ONE, 8(7), e69357. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0069357 [OpenAIRE]

Hoffmann, W. A., Adasme, R., Haridasan, M., De Carvalho, M. T., Geiger, E. L., Pereira, M. A. B., … Franco, A. C. (2009). Tree topkill, not mortality, governs the dynamics of savanna-forest boundaries under frequent fire in central Brazil. Ecology, 90(5), 1326-1337. https://doi.org/10.1890/08-0741.1 [OpenAIRE]

Hoffmann, W. A., Geiger, E. L., Gotsch, S. G., Rossatto, D. R., Silva, L. C. R., Lau, O. L., … Franco, A. C. (2012). Ecological thresholds at the savanna-forest boundary: how plant traits, resources and fire govern the distribution of tropical biomes. Ecol Lett, 15, 759-768. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461- 0248.2012.01789.x

Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi. IGAC (1.988). Estudio General de Suelos de la Comisaría del Vichada. Bogotá. Editorial Carreraza Ltda., V I, p. 40

López-Hernández, D. (2012). Earthworm populations in savannas of the Orinoco basin. A review of studies in long-term agricultural-managed and protected ecosystems. Agriculture, 2(4), 87-108. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture2020087

Mouillot, F., & Field, C. B. (2005). Fire history and the global carbon budget: a 1ox 1o fire history reconstruction for the 20th century. Global Change Biol, 11(3), 398-420. https://doi.org/10.1111/ j.1365-2486.2005.00920.x [OpenAIRE]

Romero-Ruiz, M., Etter, a., Sarmiento, a., & Tansey, K. (2010). Spatial and temporal variability of fires in relation to ecosystems, land tenure and rainfall in savannas of northern South America. Global Change Biol, 16(7), 2013-2023. https://doi. org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02081.x

Ryan, C. M., Williams, M. & Grace, J. (2011). Aboveand belowground carbon stocks in a miombo woodland landscape of Mozambique. Biotropica, 43(4), 423-432. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744- 7429.2010.00713.x

Sierra, C. A., del Valle, J. I., Orrego, S. A., Moreno, F. H., Harmon, M. E., Zapata, M., … Benjumea, J. F. (2007). Total carbon stocks in a tropical forest landscape of the Porce region, Colombia. Forest Ecol Manag, 243(2-3), 299-309. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.03.026

20 references, page 1 of 2
Powered by OpenAIRE Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue