publication . Other literature type . Article . 2018

Experience in a Climate Microworld: Influence of Surface and Structure Learning, Problem Difficulty, and Decision Aids in Reducing Stock-Flow Misconceptions

Medha Kumar; Varun Dutt; Varun Dutt;
  • Published: 01 Mar 2018
  • Publisher: (:unav)
Abstract
Research shows that people’s wait-and-see preferences for actions against climate change are a result of several factors, including cognitive misconceptions. The use of simulation tools could help reduce these misconceptions concerning Earth’s climate. However, it is still unclear whether the learning in these tools is of the problem’s surface features (dimensions of emissions and absorptions and cover-story used) or of the problem’s structural features (how emissions and absorptions cause a change in CO2 concentration under different CO2 concentration scenarios). Also, little is known on how problem’s difficulty in these tools (the shape of CO2 concentration tr...
Subjects
free text keywords: stock-and-flow simulations, correlation heuristic, violation of mass balance, experience, problem structure, decision aids, Psychology, BF1-990, Hypothesis and Theory, heterogeneity, Dynamic Climate Change Simulator, General Psychology, Climate change, Cognition, Cognitive psychology, Cognitive load, Structure learning, Trajectory, Social psychology, Flow (psychology)
Related Organizations
37 references, page 1 of 3

Camilleri A. R.Newell B. R. (2011). Description- and experience-based choice: Do equivalent samples equal equivalent choice? Acta Psychol. 136 276–284. 10.1016/j.actpsy.2010.11.007 21186019 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Chi M. T. H.Feltovich P.Glaser R. (1981). Categorization and representation of physics problems by experts and novices. Cogn. Sci. 5 121–152. 10.1207/s15516709cog0502_2 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Cronin M. A.Gonzalez C.Sterman J. D. (2009). Why don’t well-educated adults understand accumulation? A challenge to researchers, educators and citizens. Organ. Behav. Hum. Decis. Process. 108 116–130. 10.1016/j.obhdp.2008.03.003 [DOI]

De Jong T. (2010). Cognitive load theory, educational research, and instructional design: some food for thought. Instr. Sci. 38 105–134. 10.1007/s11251-009-9110-0 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Dörner D. (1996). The Logic of Failure: Recognizing and Avoiding Error in Complex Situations. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Dutt V. (2011). Why Do We Want To Defer Actions on Climate Change? A Psychological Perspective. Ph.D. thesis, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA.

Dutt V.Gonzalez C. (2012a). Decisions from experience misconceptions about climate change. J. Environ. Psychol. 32 19–29. 10.1016/j.jenvp.2011.10.003 24299081 [PubMed] [DOI]

Dutt V.Gonzalez C. (2012b). Human control of climate change. Clim. Change 111 497–518. 10.1007/s10584-011-0202-x [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Dutt V.Gonzalez C. (2013a). Enabling eco-friendly choices by relying on the proportional-thinking heuristic. Sustainability 5 357–371. 10.3390/su5010357 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Dutt V.Gonzalez C. (2013b). Reducing the linear perception of non-linearity: use of a physical representation. J. Behav. Decis. Mak. 26 51–67. 10.1002/bdm.759 [DOI]

Dutt V.Gonzalez C. (2015). Accounting for outcome and process measures in dynamic decision-making tasks through model calibration. J. Dyn. Decis. Mak. 1 1–10. 10.11588/jddm.2015.1.17663 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Faul F.Erdfelder E.Lang A.-G.Buchner A. (2007). G∗Power 3: a flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behav. Res. Methods 39 175–191. 10.3758/BF03193146 17695343 [PubMed] [DOI]

Fischer H.Degen C.Funke J. (2015). Improving stock-flow reasoning with verbal formats. Simul. Gaming 46 255–269. 10.1177/1046878114565058 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Frensch P. A.Funke J.(eds) (2014). Complex Problem Solving: The European Perspective. Hove: Psychology Press.

Gonzalez C.Dutt V. (2011). A generic dynamic control task for behavioral research and education. Comput. Hum. Behav. 27 1904–1914. 10.1016/j.chb.2011.04.015 25651064 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

37 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
Research shows that people’s wait-and-see preferences for actions against climate change are a result of several factors, including cognitive misconceptions. The use of simulation tools could help reduce these misconceptions concerning Earth’s climate. However, it is still unclear whether the learning in these tools is of the problem’s surface features (dimensions of emissions and absorptions and cover-story used) or of the problem’s structural features (how emissions and absorptions cause a change in CO2 concentration under different CO2 concentration scenarios). Also, little is known on how problem’s difficulty in these tools (the shape of CO2 concentration tr...
Subjects
free text keywords: stock-and-flow simulations, correlation heuristic, violation of mass balance, experience, problem structure, decision aids, Psychology, BF1-990, Hypothesis and Theory, heterogeneity, Dynamic Climate Change Simulator, General Psychology, Climate change, Cognition, Cognitive psychology, Cognitive load, Structure learning, Trajectory, Social psychology, Flow (psychology)
Related Organizations
37 references, page 1 of 3

Camilleri A. R.Newell B. R. (2011). Description- and experience-based choice: Do equivalent samples equal equivalent choice? Acta Psychol. 136 276–284. 10.1016/j.actpsy.2010.11.007 21186019 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Chi M. T. H.Feltovich P.Glaser R. (1981). Categorization and representation of physics problems by experts and novices. Cogn. Sci. 5 121–152. 10.1207/s15516709cog0502_2 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Cronin M. A.Gonzalez C.Sterman J. D. (2009). Why don’t well-educated adults understand accumulation? A challenge to researchers, educators and citizens. Organ. Behav. Hum. Decis. Process. 108 116–130. 10.1016/j.obhdp.2008.03.003 [DOI]

De Jong T. (2010). Cognitive load theory, educational research, and instructional design: some food for thought. Instr. Sci. 38 105–134. 10.1007/s11251-009-9110-0 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Dörner D. (1996). The Logic of Failure: Recognizing and Avoiding Error in Complex Situations. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Dutt V. (2011). Why Do We Want To Defer Actions on Climate Change? A Psychological Perspective. Ph.D. thesis, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA.

Dutt V.Gonzalez C. (2012a). Decisions from experience misconceptions about climate change. J. Environ. Psychol. 32 19–29. 10.1016/j.jenvp.2011.10.003 24299081 [PubMed] [DOI]

Dutt V.Gonzalez C. (2012b). Human control of climate change. Clim. Change 111 497–518. 10.1007/s10584-011-0202-x [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Dutt V.Gonzalez C. (2013a). Enabling eco-friendly choices by relying on the proportional-thinking heuristic. Sustainability 5 357–371. 10.3390/su5010357 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Dutt V.Gonzalez C. (2013b). Reducing the linear perception of non-linearity: use of a physical representation. J. Behav. Decis. Mak. 26 51–67. 10.1002/bdm.759 [DOI]

Dutt V.Gonzalez C. (2015). Accounting for outcome and process measures in dynamic decision-making tasks through model calibration. J. Dyn. Decis. Mak. 1 1–10. 10.11588/jddm.2015.1.17663 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Faul F.Erdfelder E.Lang A.-G.Buchner A. (2007). G∗Power 3: a flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behav. Res. Methods 39 175–191. 10.3758/BF03193146 17695343 [PubMed] [DOI]

Fischer H.Degen C.Funke J. (2015). Improving stock-flow reasoning with verbal formats. Simul. Gaming 46 255–269. 10.1177/1046878114565058 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Frensch P. A.Funke J.(eds) (2014). Complex Problem Solving: The European Perspective. Hove: Psychology Press.

Gonzalez C.Dutt V. (2011). A generic dynamic control task for behavioral research and education. Comput. Hum. Behav. 27 1904–1914. 10.1016/j.chb.2011.04.015 25651064 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

37 references, page 1 of 3
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