Thunderstorms caused by southern cyclones in Estonia

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Kaupo Mändla ; Sven-Erik Enno ; Mait Sepp (2014)
  • Publisher: Estonian Academy Publishers
  • Journal: Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences (issn: 1736-4728, eissn: 1736-7557)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3176/earth.2014.10
  • Subject: southern cyclone | thunderstorm | cyclone frequency | duration of thunderstorm | Estonia. | Geology | QE1-996.5

The relationships between the frequency and duration of thunderstorms, lightning and southern cyclones over Estonia are presented for the period 1950–2010. A total of 545 southern cyclones and 2106 thunderstorm days were detected, whereas 11.3% of the observed thunder days were associated with southern cyclones. At the same time, 29.2% of all southern cyclones were accompanied by thunderstorms. In the thunder season, however, this percentage was much higher, reaching up to 80% in summer months. The number of thunder days was largest when the centres of southern cyclones passed a measuring station at a distance less than 500 km. The number of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes related to southern cyclones was larger than that of any other thunder events. The results of our study demonstrate that the intensity of thunderstorms related to southern cyclones is higher than that of other thunderstorms. Correlation analysis revealed statistically significant relationships between the frequency of thunder days related to southern cyclones and the frequency of southern cyclones, also between the frequency of thunder days related to southern cyclones and days of other thunder events.
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