publication . Article . 2017

Adverse Effects of Smoking on Outcomes of Orthopaedic Surgery

Sheung-tung Ho;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Dec 2017 Journal: Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation, volume 23, pages 54-58 (issn: 2210-4917, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
Abstract
Smoking has many adverse effects on the musculoskeletal system, particularly on the outcomes after orthopaedic surgery. Smoking is associated with surgical site infection and postoperative wound complications after spine surgery, total joint arthroplasty, and fracture fixation; nonunion after spinal fusion, ankle fusion, osteotomy, and internal fixation and bone grafting for scaphoid nonunion; worse outcomes after lumbar disc prolapse, spinal stenosis, and cervical myelopathy surgery; periprosthetic joint infection and lower survival after total hip, knee, and shoulder arthroplasty; worse outcome after shoulder rotator cuff repair and anterior cruciate ligament ...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: musculoskeletal diseasesmusculoskeletal system
free text keywords: Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, adverse effects, fracture, smoking, spine surgery, Internal fixation, medicine.medical_treatment, medicine, Surgery, medicine.medical_specialty, Arthroplasty, Orthopedic surgery, business.industry, business, Microsurgery, Nonunion, medicine.disease, Spinal stenosis, Fracture fixation, Spinal fusion, lcsh:Orthopedic surgery, lcsh:RD701-811
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