Comparative Study of Coal and Biomass Co-Combustion With Coal Burning Separately Through Emissions Analysis

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Mohammad Siddique ; Suhail Ahmed Soomro ; Aziza Aftab ; Zahid Naeem Qaisrani ; Abdul Sattar Jatoi ; Asadullah ; Ghulamullah Khan ; Ehsanullah Kakar (2016)
  • Publisher: National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemsitry
  • Journal: Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry (issn: 1996-918X, eissn: 2221-5255)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.21743/pjaec/2016.06.003
  • Subject: Lignite coal | Co-combustion | Biomass | Emission | Environmental friendly | Environmental sciences | GE1-350 | Analytical chemistry | QD71-142

Appropriate eco-friendly methods to mitigate the problem of emissions from combustion of fossil fuel are highly demanded. The current study was focused on the effect of using coal & coal-biomass co-combustion on the gaseous emissions. Different biomass' were used along with coal. The coal used was lignite coal and the biomass' were tree waste, cow dung and banana tree leaves. Various ratios of coal and biomass were used to investigate the combustion behavior of coal-biomass blends and their emissions. The study revealed that the ratio of 80:20 of coal (lignite)-cow dung and 100% banana tree leaves emits less emissions of CO, CO2, NOx and SO2 as compared to 100% coal. Maximum amount of CO emissions were 1510.5 ppm for banana tree waste and minimum amount obtained for lakhra coal and cow dung manure (70:30) of 684.667 ppm. Maximum percentage of SO2 (345.33 ppm) was released from blend of lakhra coal and tree leaves (90:10) and minimum amount of SO2 present in samples is in lakhra coal-banana tree waste (80:20). The maximum amount of NO obtained for banana tree waste were 68 ppm whereas maximum amount of NOx was liberated from lakhra coal-tree leaves (60:40) and minimum amount from cow dung manure (30.83 ppm). The study concludes that utilization of biomass with coal could make remedial action against environment pollution.
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