The use of automatic weather stations to measure the soil temperature in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve (Russia) in 2016
Oleg G. Grishutkin
- Publisher: Fund for Support and Development of Protected Areas
Nature Conservation Research: Zapovednaâ Nauka
(issn: 2500-008X, eissn: 2500-008X)
annual temperature trend | automatic weather station | daily temperature trend | soil temperature | Geography. Anthropology. Recreation | G
The article presents the soil temperature data obtained using two automatic weather stations located in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve (Russia). Measurements were carried out at the soil surface and at depths of 20 cm, 40 cm and 60 cm. The meteorological stations are located 15 km apart, in general, in similar landscapes. This caused similar results of meteorological measurements. Differences in the average of the daily temperature at corresponding depths are less than 2°C. The average annual temperature differs less than 0.5°C, i.е. within a sensor's error. The annual temperature trend is typical for Central Russia. And it is characterised by well warming in summer and stagnation in winter. The diurnal amplitudes are small. This can be explained by the location of both weather stations under the forest canopy and a well-developed ground vegetation cover.