publication . Article . 2019

Lung cancer screening in a community setting: Characteristics, motivations, and attitudes of individuals being screened

Byrne, Margaret M; Lillie, Sarah E; Studts, Jamie L;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2019 Journal: Health Psychology Open, volume 6, page 205,510,291,881,916 (issn: 2055-1029, eissn: 2055-1029, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
Abstract
We describe the characteristics of individuals being screened in community settings including factors influencing screening decisions and the level of information sought prior to screening. Individuals from two community-based radiology clinics ( N  = 27) were surveyed after screening. Screening efficacy and salience were the most important factors in screening decisions, whereas healthcare provider recommendations were rated not important. Half of participants reported no or little conversation about screening with their primary care provider, and 61.5 percent had not sought any information on screening. Individuals being screened in a community setting are unl...
Subjects
free text keywords: Family medicine, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Lung cancer screening, business.industry, business, Psychology, BF1-990, Report of Empirical Study, decision-making, early adoption, information, low-dose computed tomography
Related Organizations
Funded by
NIH| Resource and QOL Consequences of Lung Cancer Screening
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5K07CA101812-02
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE
35 references, page 1 of 3

Aberle DR Adams AM Berg CD et al (2011) Reduced lung-cancer mortality with low-dose computed tomographic screening. New England Journal of Medicine 365: 395–409.21714641 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Ajzen I (1991) The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 50: 179–211. [OpenAIRE]

American Cancer Society (ACS) (2018) Cancer Facts & Figures. Atlanta, GA: ACS.

Anastasi N Lusher J (2017) The impact of breast cancer awareness interventi ons on breast screening uptake among women in the United Kingdom: A systematic review. Journal of Health Psychology. Epub ahead of print 1 March. DOI: 10.1177/1359105317697812. [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Becker MH (ed.) (1974) The health belief model and personal health behavior. Health Education Monographs 2: 324–508.

Braybook DE Witty KR Robertson S (2011) Men and lung cancer: A review of the barriers and facilitators to male engagement in symptom reporting and screening. Journal of Men’s Health 8: 93–99.

Brehaut JC O’Connor AM Wood TJ et al (2003) Validation of a Decision Regret Scale. Medical Decision Making 23: 281–292.12926578 [PubMed]

Byrne MM Koru-Sengul T Zhao W et al (2010) Healthcare use after screening for lung cancer. Cancer 116: 4793–4799.20597136 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Byrne MM Weissfeld J Roberts MS (2008) Anxiety, fear of cancer, and perceived risk of cancer following lung cancer screening. Medical Decision Making 28: 917–925.18725404 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Carter-Harris L Tan AS Salloum RG et al (2016) Patient-provider discussions about lung cancer screening pre- and post-guidelines: Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). Patient Education and Counseling 99: 1772–1777.27241830 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Delmerico J Hyland A Celestino P et al (2014) Patient willingness and barriers to receiving a CT scan for lung cancer screening. Lung Cancer 84: 307–309.24674155 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Holmes-Rovner M Kroll J Schmitt N et al (1996) Patient satisfaction with health care decisions: The satisfaction with decision scale. Medical Decision Making 16: 58–64.8717600 [PubMed]

Huo J Shen C Volk RJ et al (2017) Use of CT and chest radiography for lung cancer screening before and after publication of screening guidelines: Intended and unintended uptake. JAMA Internal Medicine 177: 439–441.28135349 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Illes J Kann D Karetsky K et al (2004) Advertising, patient decision making, and self-referral for computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging. Archives of Internal Medicine 164: 2415–2419.15596630 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Jemal A Fedewa SA (2017) Lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography in the United States—2010 to 2015. JAMA Oncology 3(9): 1278–1281.28152136 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

35 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
We describe the characteristics of individuals being screened in community settings including factors influencing screening decisions and the level of information sought prior to screening. Individuals from two community-based radiology clinics ( N  = 27) were surveyed after screening. Screening efficacy and salience were the most important factors in screening decisions, whereas healthcare provider recommendations were rated not important. Half of participants reported no or little conversation about screening with their primary care provider, and 61.5 percent had not sought any information on screening. Individuals being screened in a community setting are unl...
Subjects
free text keywords: Family medicine, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Lung cancer screening, business.industry, business, Psychology, BF1-990, Report of Empirical Study, decision-making, early adoption, information, low-dose computed tomography
Related Organizations
Funded by
NIH| Resource and QOL Consequences of Lung Cancer Screening
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5K07CA101812-02
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE
35 references, page 1 of 3

Aberle DR Adams AM Berg CD et al (2011) Reduced lung-cancer mortality with low-dose computed tomographic screening. New England Journal of Medicine 365: 395–409.21714641 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Ajzen I (1991) The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 50: 179–211. [OpenAIRE]

American Cancer Society (ACS) (2018) Cancer Facts & Figures. Atlanta, GA: ACS.

Anastasi N Lusher J (2017) The impact of breast cancer awareness interventi ons on breast screening uptake among women in the United Kingdom: A systematic review. Journal of Health Psychology. Epub ahead of print 1 March. DOI: 10.1177/1359105317697812. [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Becker MH (ed.) (1974) The health belief model and personal health behavior. Health Education Monographs 2: 324–508.

Braybook DE Witty KR Robertson S (2011) Men and lung cancer: A review of the barriers and facilitators to male engagement in symptom reporting and screening. Journal of Men’s Health 8: 93–99.

Brehaut JC O’Connor AM Wood TJ et al (2003) Validation of a Decision Regret Scale. Medical Decision Making 23: 281–292.12926578 [PubMed]

Byrne MM Koru-Sengul T Zhao W et al (2010) Healthcare use after screening for lung cancer. Cancer 116: 4793–4799.20597136 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Byrne MM Weissfeld J Roberts MS (2008) Anxiety, fear of cancer, and perceived risk of cancer following lung cancer screening. Medical Decision Making 28: 917–925.18725404 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Carter-Harris L Tan AS Salloum RG et al (2016) Patient-provider discussions about lung cancer screening pre- and post-guidelines: Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). Patient Education and Counseling 99: 1772–1777.27241830 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Delmerico J Hyland A Celestino P et al (2014) Patient willingness and barriers to receiving a CT scan for lung cancer screening. Lung Cancer 84: 307–309.24674155 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Holmes-Rovner M Kroll J Schmitt N et al (1996) Patient satisfaction with health care decisions: The satisfaction with decision scale. Medical Decision Making 16: 58–64.8717600 [PubMed]

Huo J Shen C Volk RJ et al (2017) Use of CT and chest radiography for lung cancer screening before and after publication of screening guidelines: Intended and unintended uptake. JAMA Internal Medicine 177: 439–441.28135349 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Illes J Kann D Karetsky K et al (2004) Advertising, patient decision making, and self-referral for computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging. Archives of Internal Medicine 164: 2415–2419.15596630 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Jemal A Fedewa SA (2017) Lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography in the United States—2010 to 2015. JAMA Oncology 3(9): 1278–1281.28152136 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

35 references, page 1 of 3
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publication . Article . 2019

Lung cancer screening in a community setting: Characteristics, motivations, and attitudes of individuals being screened

Byrne, Margaret M; Lillie, Sarah E; Studts, Jamie L;