Burnout syndrome in nursing undergraduate students

Article English OPEN
Juliana Inhauser Riceti Acioli Barboza ; Ruth Beresin (2007)
  • Publisher: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein
  • Journal: Einstein (São Paulo) (issn: 1679-4508)
  • Subject: Burnout | professional/nursing | Stress | psychological/nursing | Students | nursing/psychology | Occupational diseases/nursing | Medicine | R

Objectives: To classify nursing students on a socio-demographic basisin order to check whether they are acquainted with the meaning ofthe term burnout syndrome; to check for the presence of the burnoutsyndrome and assess its levels in undergraduate nurses. Methods:A cross-section study was carried out of 102 students at the NursingSchool of the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. A questionnaire wasmade up by the authors and applied along with the Maslachs BurnoutInventory (MBI). Results: Ninety-five percent of students were female,aged 18 to 50 years, 86% were single and 51% reported having jobs.Most of the surveyed subjects were not acquainted with the termburnout syndrome. Out of the total of 39 students, 56.9% classified thedisease as being psychological and caused by professional stress. Asfor the mean MBI subscales, it was found that a relatively high mean(28.6%) referred a low feeling of professional accomplishment, a low/moderate mean (23.09%) were emotionally exhausted and (9.176%)felt depersonalized, which intrinsically proves the absence of burnoutsyndrome in the sample. As for burnout dimensions, the findingsshowed that 73.5% are at a low/moderate level of emotional exhaustion;70.53% suffer from a low/moderate level of depersonalization; and 76%reported a high feeling of professional accomplishment. Conclusion:High means were found at the dimensions of reduced professionalaccomplishment, which calls for the need to intervene in the caseof these students so that they may recall their primary initiativeconcerning their professional choice.
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