publication . Article . 1998

Spatial distribution, territoriality and sound production by tropical cryptic butterflies (Hamadryas, Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): implications for the "industrial melanism" debate

Julián Monge-Nájera; Francisco A. Hernández; María Isabel González; Javier Soley; José Araya; Stefano Zolla;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 1998
  • Publisher: Universidad de Costa Rica
Abstract
Neotropical buttert1ies of the genus Hamadryas, noted b y the emission of sound, spend much lime perching on trees and are believed 10 be cryptically pattemed and colored with respecI lo Iree trunks and branches ¡hey use as perching siles, bul ¡he subject had not been studied previously. This paper describes spatial distribution, territoriality ¡¡nd sound production in five species, under natural conditions: Hamadryas amphinome (Lucas, 1 853), H. februa (Godart, 1 824), H. feronia (Fruhstorfer, 1 916), H. glaucollome (Bates, 1 864) and H. guatemalena (Bates, ! 864). Tree characteristics and use by bunerflies were recorded under natural conditions in open habitat...
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free text keywords: Behavior, protective coloration, crypsis, ndustrial melanism, territoriality, spatial distribution, sound, stridulation, mechanism, wing structure, defense, mating, courtship, communication, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, industrial melanism, Predation, Biology, Nymphalidae, biology.organism_classification, Perch, Hamadryas amphinome, Hamadryas, Biston, Ecology, lcsh:Biology (General), lcsh:QH301-705.5
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