THE CHALLENGES POLITICAL LEADERSHIP FACES IN THE MODERN WORLD
T. N. Samsonova
E. S. Shpuga
- Publisher: Publishing House of Lomonosov Moscow State University
Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta: Seriâ 18
(issn: 1029-3736, eissn: 2541-8769)
political leader | political leadership | followers/constituents | political power | influence | identification | charisma | Sociology (General) | HM401-1281
Political leadership is a concept central to understanding political processes and outcomes, yet its definition is elusive. The study of political leadership has a long history. Many disciplines have contributed to this study, including history, philosophy, political theory, psychology etc. Leadership is a process in which leaders and followers interact dynamically in a particular situation or context. Leaders must be able to connect with followers to understand their mood and their initiative. There are essential and operational differences between a leader and a manager. Managerial effectiveness is related to an emphasis on rationality and organizational structure. Leadership effectiveness is linked to symbols and culture. The interactive nature of leader-followers-situation can help us better understand the changing nature of the leaderfollower relationship and the increasingly greater complexity of situations leaders and followers face in contemporary world. Good leadership makes a difference, and it can be enhanced through greater awareness of the important factors influencing the leadership process. The changes we are facing in today’s world demand a new breed of political leaders, new forms and mechanisms of leader-follower interaction that provide effective leadership.