THE CHALLENGES POLITICAL LEADERSHIP FACES IN THE MODERN WORLD

Article Russian OPEN
T. N. Samsonova ; E. S. Shpuga (2016)
  • Publisher: Publishing House of Lomonosov Moscow State University
  • Journal: Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta: Seriâ 18 (issn: 1029-3736, eissn: 2541-8769)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.24290/1029-3736-2016-22-4-142-163
  • Subject: political leader | political leadership | followers/constituents | political power | influence | identification | charisma | Sociology (General) | HM401-1281

Political leadership is a concept central to understanding political processes and outcomes, yet its definition is elusive. The study of political leadership has a long history. Many disciplines have contributed to this study, including history, philosophy, political theory, psychology etc. Leadership is a process in which leaders and followers interact dynamically in a particular situation or context. Leaders must be able to connect with followers to understand their mood and their initiative. There are essential and operational differences between a leader and a manager. Managerial effectiveness is related to an emphasis on rationality and organizational structure. Leadership effectiveness is linked to symbols and culture. The interactive nature of leader-followers-situation can help us better understand the changing nature of the leaderfollower relationship and the increasingly greater complexity of situations leaders and followers face in contemporary world. Good leadership makes a difference, and it can be enhanced through greater awareness of the important factors influencing the leadership process. The changes we are facing in today’s world demand a new breed of political leaders, new forms and mechanisms of leader-follower interaction that provide effective leadership.
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