A Comparison of Three Major Academic Rankings for World Universities: From a Research Evaluation Perspective

Article Chinese OPEN
Mu-hsuan Huang (2011)
  • Publisher: National Taiwan University
  • Journal: Journal of Library and Information Studies (issn: 1606-7509)
  • Subject: World Universities | Performance Ranking | Scientific Papers | Research Evaluation | Bibliography. Library science. Information resources | Z

This paper introduces three current major university ranking systems. The Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities by Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan (HEEACT Ranking) emphasizes both the quality and quantity of research and current research performance. The Academic Ranking of World Universities by Shanghai Jiao Tung University (ARWU) focuses on outstanding performance of universities with indicators such as Nobel Prize winners. The QS World University Ranking (2004-2009) by Times Higher Education (THE-QS) emphasizes on peer review with high weighting in evaluation. This paper compares the 2009 ranking results from the three ranking systems. Differences exist in the top 20 universities in three ranking systems except the Harvard University, which scored top one in all of the three rankings. Comparisons also revealed that the THE-QS favored UK universities. Further, obvious differences can be observed between THE-QS and the other two rankings when ranking results of some European countries (Germany, UK, Netherlands, & Switzerland) and Chinese speaking regions were compared.
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