publication . Article . 2018

Legal Provisions, Discrimination and Uncertainty on LGBT community in Albania. Laws on human rights vs exerted rights of LGBT persons

Curi Urjana;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Mar 2018 Journal: Academicus : International Scientific Journal (issn: 2079-3715, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Academicus
Abstract
During the communist regime and until 1995 homosexual relations were senteced by law in Albania as a criminal offense. Membership in the Council of Europe and the ratification of the European Convention on Human Rights brought as a result the improvement of the legal framework and the abolition of the condemnation of homosexual relations. The first attempts of activism were shown in the form of meetings on joint activities organized by the Gay community in public spaces or cruising areas. In 1994, an Albanian newspaper published the first interview of a gay community member. In the early 2000s,”Gish Albania” and “Alga” were the first organizations, which provide...
Subjects
free text keywords: LGBT; sexual orientation; commissioner for protection from discrimination; homophobia; or xenophobia, Social Sciences, H, Economics as a science, HB71-74, Statute, Human rights, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Communist state, Alliance, Sociology, Ratification, Convention, Xenophobia, Law, Sexual orientation
Related Organizations
17 references, page 1 of 2

1. Constitution of the Republic of Albania

2. European Convention on Human Rights

3. Family Code of the Republic of Albania with 2016 Changes

4. Labor Code with 2016 amendments.

5. Law no. 144/2013 On some Amendments to Law No. 7895, dated 27.1.1995 “Criminal Code of Albania Republic”

6. Law no.10 221, dated 4.2.2010 “On Protection from Discrimination”, Albania

7. Training Manual, “LGBT Persons' Rights and Provision of Friendly Services”, Tirana, 2003, pg. 6.

8. Bonnie Zimmerman, “Lesbian History and Cultures”, New York, 2000, p. 453.

9. Masullo, Giuseppe. “Homosexuality elsewhere: young migrants, sexuality and transcultural identity strategies.” Academicus International Scientifc Journal 12 (2015): 120-133. [OpenAIRE]

10. Shtylla, Albana. “Sexual orientaotin, gender identtiy and non-discriminaotin-The Albanian labor legislaotin and its eefcts on employment and vocaotinal training potenatils.” Academicus Internaotinal Sciencfti Journal 7 (2013): 157-168. [OpenAIRE]

11. Richard Köhler, Alecs Recher, Julia Ehrt, “Legal Gender Recognition in Europe”, December, 2013.

12. Raport of violation of the rights of LGBT persons, Tirana, 2013.

13. Special Report of the People's Advocate Activity during 2012 for LGBT persons

14. Report of LGBT Human Rights Violations 2011.

15. The rights of LGBT persons and the provision of friendly services, Tirana, 2003, p. 35.

17 references, page 1 of 2
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publication . Article . 2018

Legal Provisions, Discrimination and Uncertainty on LGBT community in Albania. Laws on human rights vs exerted rights of LGBT persons

Curi Urjana;