Democracy and education of John Dewey present on The national problem of Dario Salas: A purpose of the centennial of both works. In 2016 year was celebrated with various activities the centenary of the publication of one of the most significant works of the American educator John Dewey, Democracy and education (1916). Last year (2017) commemorated the 100th anniversary of the most significant work of the Chilean educator Dario Salas, The national problem. Basis for the reconstruction of our elementary school system (1917). In the context of both centenarians is analyzed the influence of the work of the American educator in the text of the Chilean educator.