Human Exposure Risk Assessment Due to Heavy Metals in Groundwater by Pollution Index and Multivariate Statistical Methods: A Case Study from South Africa

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Vetrimurugan Elumalai; K. Brindha; Elango Lakshmanan;
  • Publisher: MDPI AG
  • Journal: Water (issn: 2073-4441)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3390/w9040234
  • Subject: human exposure risk | drinking water pathway | heavy metals | Mhlathuze Catchment | Empangeni | Richards Bay | South Africa | Hydraulic engineering | TC1-978 | Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes | TD201-500

Heavy metals in surface and groundwater were analysed and their sources were identified using multivariate statistical tools for two towns in South Africa. Human exposure risk through the drinking water pathway was also assessed. Electrical conductivity values showed th... View more
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