The Instability Improvement of the Symmetric Angle-Ply and Cross-Ply Composite Plates with Shape Memory Alloy Using Finite Element Method

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Zainudin A. Rasid; Rizal Zahari; Amran Ayob;

Shape memory alloy (SMA) wires were embedded within laminated composite plates to take advantage of the shape memory effect property of the SMA in improving post-buckling behavior of composite plates. A nonlinear finite element formulation was developed for this study. ... View more
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