A Comprehensive Review on the Properties of Coal Bottom Ash in Concrete as Sound Absorption Material

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Ramzi Hannan Nurul Izzati Raihan ; Shahidan Shahiron ; Ali Noorwirdawati ; Maarof Mohamad Zulkhairi (2017)
  • Publisher: EDP Sciences
  • Journal: MATEC Web of Conferences (issn: 2261-236X)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1051/matecconf/201710301005
  • Subject: Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) | TA1-2040

The government is currently implementing policies to increase the usage of coal as fuel for electricity generation. At the same time, the dependency on gas will be reduced. In addition, coal power plants in Malaysia produce large amounts of industrial waste such as bottom ash which is collected in impoundment ponds (ash pond). However, millions of tons of coal ash (bottom ash) waste are collected in ponds near power plant stations. Since bottom ash has been classified as hazardous material that threatens the health and safety of human life, an innovative and sustainable solution has been introduced to reuse or recycle industrial waste such as coal bottom ash in concrete mixtures to create a greener and more sustainable world. Bottom ash has the potential to be used as concrete material to replace fine aggregates, coarse aggregates or both. Hence, this paper provides an overview of previous research which used bottom ash as fine aggregate replacement in conventional concrete. The workability, compressive strength, flexural strength, and sound absorption of bottom ash in concrete are reviewed.
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